The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre aims to present an accurate history of early Australian military developments from 1899 to 1920.
WARNING: This site contains: names, information and images of deceased people; and, language which may be considered inappropriate today.
The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre, in conjunction
with the various Education authorities in
Each lesson is divided into six elements:
The lessons may be treated as one or expanded to a few lessons, depending upon the depth wished to be pursued. Students are able to follow up at their own pace should they wish to do so outside of any directed academic activity.
For the members of the worldwide audience who are interested in understanding the basic elements of the Australian Light Horse movement, the forms a simple gateway to that process and thus this section should not only be treated as exclusive to Australian school students but as part of a resource for the wider community.
1. The “White Guard” guerrilla
The origins of various Light Horse formations differ in each state. By the 1880’s most states had Volunteer Light Horse units operating although their efficiency was dubious and viewed by many as a social club. The Boer War and Federation focused the attention of Australians on the method of defending a lightly populated continent. The Light Horse was seen as pivotal in this defence scheme.
2. August 1914
The drought, water shortages, falling land productivity, high unemployment, government infighting and international tensions filled the anxieties of Australians in 1914. All these conditions seem very contemporary to any Australian. For the public, the Great War was something “over there”, like all wars, and had little impact on the society. Give a few speeches, sign up a twenty thousand volunteers and by the time they are ready to fight the war would be over. It was from this
3. Recruiting and training
Induction in the Light Horse was a complex process requiring a certain level of skills prior to the acceptance of the recruit. Once in the Light Horse, there were fundamental activities that needed to be learnt. This included basic infantry training, equitation, cavalry training and maintaining the horse. This lesson looks at all these aspects of Light Horse life in the context of the training camps located near the state capital cities.
Moving thousands of men and
From May to December 1915, the Light Horse was at Gallipoli as dismounted infantry. They took part in many of the main actions. The ill fated charge of the 3rd Light Horse Brigade at the Nek passed into legend and the basis of the movie Gallipoli. Other names also claimed the Light Horse such as Pope’s Hill, Quinn’s Post and Hill 60. During the evacuation, the men from the Light Horse played cricket in an effort to fool the Turks watching them. The Light Horse suffered terrible casualties at Gallipoli. The survivors learned much and went on to defeat their enemy some three years later.
It was in the Sinai that the
Australian Light Horse acquired its true role. After the Jifjafa Raid, the
British Commander in
After ten months of frustration,
the Light Horse was unleashed at
8. Life in
The Light Horse was able to
perform the daring deeds in the Sinai and
9. Keep the home fires burning.
Letters were an important part of maintaining soldier morale. In an age of almost universal Australian literacy letter writing was the main means of economical personal contact. The letters written by the light horsemen form part of Australian history as it affected the family. By use of many unpublished and published letters, the fears and loves of the men at the front comes through. In the end, it gives a positive link to the past as the letter authors become humanised rather than a statistic.
Lesson 9 Keep the Home Fires Burning, Lesson Plan
Keep the Home Fires Burning, Part 9 Student Outline
The Army Post Office delivering the mail
Light Horsemen who enlisted in 1914 and served over 5 years Letters from 1914 to 1918
Aid to reading service files
Light Horse History
Map of Cairo and Allied Camp locations
Entertainment for the troops - the movies
The History of the Composite Australian Light Horse Regiment
10. German Anzacs
People of German descent were
devastated by the outbreak of war. Most were loyal subjects of
11. Aboriginal Light Horsemen
Indigenous Australians have always been part of the Australian Story from the inception of European colonisation. This was recognised until Federation in 1901 when Aboriginals were virtually stripped of their citizenship by the Constitution, a situation that remained till 1967. Despite that, Aboriginals played a minor but significant role in the subsequent life of the nation. During the Great War, despite prejudice, many Aboriginal men enlisted in the AIF. They faced the same dangers as everyone else, won medals for bravery and some paid the ultimate price with their lives. In this lesson students explore the history of Aboriginal participation in the Australian Light Horse during the Great War; identify issues of specific Aboriginal concerns; research and produce a military biography; develop conclusions based upon the available information; and deliver findings of the study.
Lesson 11 Aboriginal Light Horsemen, Lesson Plan
Aboriginal Light Horsemen, Part 11, Students outline
2422 Pte William Bert Brown, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource
2423 Pte Frederick Arthur Burnett, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource
2424 Pte Edward Collins, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource
2459 Pte Fred Collins, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource
2425 Pte Jack Costello, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource
2426 Pte Harry Doyle, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource
2428 Pte Frank Fisher, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource
2427 Pte Joe Fitzroy, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource
2462 Pte Rupert Franklin Gore Gallaway, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource
2429 Pte John Geary, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource
2431 Pte Jack Kearns, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource
2432 Pte John McKenzie Laurie, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource
2433 Pte James Lingwoodock, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource
2434 Pte Leonard Lynch, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource
2438 Pte James McBride, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource
2437 Pte David Molloy, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource
2435 Pte Frank Morris, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource
2453 Pte Martin Mulrooney, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource
2436 Pte Harry Murray, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource
2439 Pte William Nicholld, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource
2440 Pte Jack Oliffe, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource
2443 Pte Charlie Parkes, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource
2441 Pte Jack Pollard, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource
2445 Pte Edward Smith, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource
2447 Pte Joe White, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource
2448 Pte Leslie Thomas Wogas, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource
Matrix of common service data to assist in generating discussion.
Pip, Squeak and Wilfred - the Trio Medals
Reveille Articles on Aboriginals in the AIF
11th LHR History:
11th Light Horse War Diary Index for 1918 - 1919, Lesson 11 Resource.
11th LHR, AIF account about the 2nd Es Salt Raid - March to May 1918, Chapter XVI
11th LHR, AIF account about the Jordan Valley – May to August 1918, Chapter XVII
2919 Pte Alfred John Henry Lovett
2430 Pte John Johnston, 11th LHR
2460 Pte John Hall, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource
12. Myths and Legends
During the course of the early Light Horse history, many legends have grown. Five legends are examined: all Light Horsemen wore the emu plume; most Light Horsemen were farmers; Beersheba as the last great cavalry charge; Lawrence of Arabia was the first to enter Damascus; and, the Light Horsemen shot their horses in 1919.
The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre is a not for profit and non profit group whose sole aim is to write the early history of the Australian Light Horse from 1900 - 1920. It is privately funded and the information is provided by the individuals within the group and while permission for the use of the material has been given for this site for these items by various donors, the residual and actual copyright for these items, should there be any, resides exclusively with the donors. The information on this site is freely available for private research use only and if used as such, should be appropriately acknowledged. To assist in this process, each item has a citation attached at the bottom for referencing purposes. Please Note: No express or implied permission is given for commercial use of the information contained within this site.