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"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre aims to present an accurate history as chroniclers of early Australian military developments from 1899 to 1920.

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre site holds over 12,000 entries and is growing daily.

Contact: Australian Light Horse Studies Centre

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WARNING: This site contains: names, information and images of deceased people; and, language which may be considered inappropriate today.

Thursday, 27 May 2010
Great War, Military Biographies, Contents
Topic: GW - Biographies

Great War

Military Biographies




Frank Dudley Beaumont 

Henry Venn King, the oldest known man in the AIF 

1547 Driver Charles Burns

The old man of the AIF, George Paul 

35878 Gunner Randolph "Randy"  Lycett 



Further Reading:

Great War, Military Biographies

Great War, August 1914

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920


Citation: Great War, Military Biographies, Contents

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Tuesday, 27 July 2010 6:41 PM EADT
Tuesday, 31 March 2009
Great War, Military Biographies, Frank Dudley Beaumont, His Story
Topic: GW - Biographies

Great War

Military Biographies

Frank Dudley Beaumont, His Story


Toowong Cemetery


At the turn of the century, Frank Dudley Beaumont was a rising star in the cavalry. During the Second Anglo Boer War, 1899 - 1902, he served successively with:

  • The Cape Mounted Rifles;
  • The Roberts Colonial Horse; and,
  • The Cape Coloured Forces as a Lieutenant.


The next record of Beaumont is in the 1913 electoral roll where he was registered in the Federal seat of Oxley.

Beaumont then enlisted in the 9th Infantry Battalion at Enoggera on 17 September 1914 as 1095 Private Frank Dudley Beaumont. He was allotted to "D" Company. Despite being 47, being born in 1867, he stated his age as 44 to fall under the 45 year age ceiling. The place of birth was recorded as Brighton, Sussex. His next of kin was stated to be Mrs Verschoyle, Dunsford, Surrey.

The last record of this life was a burial on 30 September 1914 at Toowong Cemetery on the corner of Frederick Street and Mt Coot-tha Road, Toowong. The location of  Beaumont's grave was at Portion 5, Section 118, Grave Number 13.

It is known that he had one sister called May Elizabeth Beaumont who was born in 1869 who appears to be his next of kin, Mrs Verschoyle. He has a brother, Harold Beaumont whose address is unknown and a former girlfriend Dell whom he possibly met in South Africa for she was in Transvaal in 1914.

In relation to known friends, there was John Charles Browne, a journalist and former officer who had known him for some three years. Browne enlisted as 414 Colour Sergeant John Charles Browne who served with the 15th Battalion, C Company. His other friend was Herbert Mark Meadows Maddock, a public servant working for the Commissioner of Public Health in Brisbane. Later Maddock enlisted as a Captain in 9th Battalion, 6th Reinforcement.

Beaumont wrote a succession of letters to different people explaining his circumstances and his intentions.


Letter 1 - to his sister May Elizabeth Beaumont.

Brisbane, 31/7/'l4.

Good-bye, dear old May.

Things have got beyond my control, so there is nothing to do but end it. Good-bye, and God bless you. It is terrible for Dell but things are quite hopeless.

Your heart-broken brother,



Letter 2 - to Captain Alexander Clifford Vernon Melbourne, OC, 9th Battalion, D Company.

Brisbane, 22/9/'14.

Dear Melbourne,

Sorry not is have been able to "play the game," but circumstances over which I have no control have been too strong for me, so when you receive this I will be is the land of shade. I wish I could have gone there by an easier route, and have died as a man should: but it was not to be. My apologies to you and your officers, and the best of luck to you all.

Yours truly,

Frank D. Beaumont.


Letter 3 - to his brother, Harold Beaumont. 


My dear Harold,

The end has come at last. Fate been been too strong for me to fight against, and in sporting parlance I have got to "throw up the sponge"! What I want you to do is this: Supposing that anything really good eventuates from those bonds, please divide the money between Dell and yourself. It might come after my death; it would be just lay luck. Thank God she is at present in the Transvaal staying with her brother; so the shock, I hope and pray, may not be so great. I only hope Uncle Somerset will pay my debts, for I would like to leave my name clear.  Good-bye and good luck to you, love to dear old May and the girls. 

Your unfortunate brother,

Frank D Beaumont.

P.S. I enlisted in the Expeditionary Force for the war a week ago, and if I had some money to pay certain obligations I would been gladly gone intend of taking this step. - Frank.


Letter 4 - to his friend Tom.

Brisbane, Sept. 27th, 1914.

My dear Tom,

I am so seriously involved (and this last silly escapade has put a finish to it) that I am going to end my useless life. Many thanks to you all for your kindness to me. Should, at any time in the next few months, you have any spare cash, there is a gold chain and sovereign case pawned for 35/- with M. Harris, Edward Street, which I would like you to send to my girl. Maddock would give you her address, and I know Harris would let you have them on showing this. There is also a silver wristlet watch pawned for 5/- (it cost £2/10/- seven months ago), and a silver cigarette case pawned for 30/-, which if you care to take out, I would like you to keep. My love to Harry. Good-bye old chap, and good luck.

Yours sincerely,

Frank D Beaumont.


Letter 5 - to the Secretary of the United Services Institute of Queensland.

Brisbane, Sept. 27th, 1914.

The Hon. Secretary, U.S.I. of Q.

Dear Sir,

I wish to apologise to you and the committee for the non-payment of my wine account. My affairs are so frightfully involved that I am about to terminate my worthless life. Good-bye, and good luck to you and the members.

Yours truly.

Frank D. Beaumont.


The letters map out a steady decline in the mental health of Beaumont. From the last two letters, it was obvious that he had pawned all his goods and still was largely in debt, especially to the United Services Institute where he received wine on credit. It looks like the financial loss from the "last escapade" and the wine bill together brought about his decision to end his life.

Just after 4 pm on the afternoon of 28 September 1914, near the Hamilton Hotel, by Racecourse Road, Beaumont decided to take his last breaths. To accomplish the deed, he had acquired a bottle of strichnine poison. Beaumont put the bottle to his lips and drank the contents.

Death was slow and painful. At about 4.30 Frederick Ernest Grimley, a motorman, employed by the Tram Company, and residing in Ann Stree, Valley, noticed Beaumont lying near the Hamilton retaining wall and moaning. Grimley asked Beaumont what he thought had happened. In response Beaumont asked for a drink of water, and said he had taken a fit. Grimley replied, "You have taken no fit. What have you done to yourself ?" The reply from Beaumont was, "I had some strychnine in my pocket, and took it to see how it would act."

Grimley left Beaumont to fetch an Ambulance and the police and on returning found him dead.

What really drove Beaumont to take his life is unknown. It appears that he had already made that decision in July 1914, possibly after the collapse of his relationship with his companion Dell and her departure to the Transvaal. After the elapse of more time and financial trouble, it seems as though it became all too much for him. It appears as though his friends urged him to enlist as a way to get himself back onto a positive track. This seems to have failed as Beaumont still considered that his life was "worthless". Ten days later he was dead.


National Archives Service File: 1095 Private Frank Dudley Beaumont


Further Reading:

Great War, Military Biographies

Great War, August 1914

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920


Citation: Great War, Military Biographies, Frank Dudley Beaumont, His Story

Posted by Project Leader at 10:17 PM EADT
Updated: Tuesday, 27 July 2010 6:55 PM EADT
Wednesday, 19 November 2008
Great War, Military Biographies, Henry Venn King, the oldest known man in the AIF
Topic: GW - Biographies

The oldest known man to have served in the AIF during the Great War


Henry Venn King (Left) 1897

[From: AWM P00755.001]


Henry Venn King, born 1842, died 1929.

King served as a captain in the Mounted Infantry. He was sent to Charleville and Cunnamulla during the 1891 Shearers' strike.

He was promoted to major in 1894

1897, King led the Queensland contingent to England for Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee celebrations.

King was promoted to lieutenant colonel in 1899.

In 1903 he commanded the 14th Australian Light Horse for a short period and in 1904, the 5th Light Horse Brigade as colonel.

After a period on the retired list he was appointed as Honourary colonel in the 3rd Light Horse in 1913.

At the age of 73 he was appointed Officer Commanding the 2nd Remount Unit in Egypt from 1915 to 1916.

He retired from active military service in 1921 and died in Toowoomba in 1929.

Henry Venn King, a brief military biography from The AIF Project:

Henry Venn KING

Date of birth7 December 1842
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationGrazier and colliery proprietor
AddressGowrie, Kingsthorpe, Queensland
Marital statusMarried
Age at embarkation73
Next of kinWife, Mrs Annie Stewart King, Gowrie, Kingsthorpe, Queensland
Enlistment date24 September 1915
Rank on enlistmentColonel
Unit nameAustralian Remount Unit 2, Head-Quarters
AWM Embarkation Roll number28/3/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A67 Orsova on 10 November 1915
Rank from Nominal RollColonel
Unit from Nominal Roll2nd Remount Unit


Unit: 2nd Australian Remount Unit
Promotion date:
24 September 1915
FateReturned to Australia 29 April 1916
Other details

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal



Further Reading:

Great War, Military Biographies

Great War, August 1914

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920


Citation: Great War, Military Biographies, Henry Venn King, the oldest known man in the AIF

Posted by Project Leader at 11:47 AM EAST
Updated: Tuesday, 27 July 2010 7:00 PM EADT
Saturday, 28 June 2008
Great War, Military Biographies, 1547 Driver Charles Burns
Topic: GW - Biographies

Great War

Military Biographies

1547 Driver Charles Burns


Desert Mounted Corps Routine Order No. 763


During the Great War, there were many unsung heroes who came to the fore from the most unlikeliest of sources. The story of 1547 Driver Charles Burns is one such illustration of a quiet hero.


The record transcribed:
23rd September 1917

763. Act of Gallantry

The Corps commander directs that a record be made of the gallant conduct of the undermentioned man, under the following conditions:-

No. 1547 Driver C Burns, "B" Troop, ALH Signal Squadron.

No. 7/472 Trooper Moffat, New Zealand Mounted Rifle Brigade was bathing on the evening of the 11th instant, when he was carried out to sea. On hearing his call for help, Driver Burns swam out to his assistance, and with great difficulty, after the life line had broken, brought in Trooper Moffat, very exhausted. The current was very strong at the time and another Trooper of this Brigade who went out at the same time as Driver Burns had in turn to be assisted in regaining the shore.

An entry will be made in the conduct sheet in Driver Burns in accordance with King's Regulations para. 1919 (XIV).


On 23 September 1917, he was mentioned in the Routine Orders of the Desert Mounted Corps for a singular act of bravery.

The person transcribing the story was a little bit careless with his work and mixed up some very important details. The person Burns rescued was 11/1472 Trooper George Shepherd Moffat from the Wellington Mounted Rifles, who came from Masterton in the Wairarapa region of New Zealand. The number allocated to Moffat in the RO actually belongs to 7/472 Trooper Charles Augustus Evans of the Canturbury Mounted Rifles, a man who came from Wairau Bar near Blenheim on South Island. It is a salutary lesson to realise that the contemporary records are also riddled with errors and thus should never be used without scrutiny. Despite the mistake, the heroism of Burns was recognised and well deserved. His other heroism, doing his duty to the best of his ability also finds recognition in other places.

During his work with the Signal Squadron, he is credited as never having missed a single day's duty. All through the campaign, he cared for a pair of heavy draught horses in the peak of condition.


Charles BURNS


Regimental number1547
ReligionChurch of England
AddressBridgetown, Western Australia
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation18
Next of kinGuardian, Frederick S Brockman, Bridgetown, Western Australia
Enlistment date21 August 1915
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name10th Light Horse Regiment, 12th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number10/15/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Fremantle, Western Australia, on board HMAT RMS Mongolia on 22 November 1915
Rank from Nominal RollDriver
Unit from Nominal RollAMDS
FateReturned to Australia 3 July 1919


George Shepherd Moffat

Forename(s): George Shepherd
Surname: Moffat
War: World War I, 1914-1918
Serial No.: 11/1472
First Known Rank: Trooper
Next of Kin: W. Moffat (brother),Craiglea, Southville Road, Thames Ditton, Surrey, England
Marital Status: Single
Enlistment Address: Care of Ogilvy and Sons, Masterton, New Zealand
Military District: Wellington
Body on Embarkation: 6th Reinforcements
Embarkation Unit: Wellington Mounted Rifles
Embarkation Date: 14 August 1915
Place of Embarkation: Wellington, New Zealand



Further Reading:

Great War, Military Biographies

Great War, August 1914

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920


Citation: Great War, Military Biographies, 1547 Driver Charles Burns

Posted by Project Leader at 1:27 PM EADT
Updated: Tuesday, 27 July 2010 8:14 PM EADT
Monday, 2 June 2008
Great War, Military Biographies, The old man of the AIF, George Paul
Topic: GW - Biographies

Great War

Military Biographies

The old man of the AIF, George Paul


George Paul, 1918


3664 Corporal George Paul and the AIF

The story of 3664 Cpl George Paul's enlistment in the AIF makes fascinating reading. At 69, he became one of the oldest recruit to see service in the AIF.

Here is the article from the Sydney Mail, 7 August 1918 at p. 34:

Enlisted at 69.

There are few soldiers or the A.I.F. possessing long a record of soldiering as Corporal George Paul, now living at Wallaballah, a little township two miles from Quirindi. He must have surely been born under the planet of Mars, for he has fought in all the principal British campaigns during the last half century. Corporal Paul served first in the Ashanti war in 1873-4, under Sir Garnet Wolseley, and afterwards in the Zulu War of 1874, under Lord Chelmsford, father of the one-time popular Governor of New South Wales, and Queensland, and now Viceroy of India. He fought again at Tel-el-Kebir under Sir Garnet Wolseley, in 1882, and went twice to the Boer War of 1899-02, under Sir Ian Hamilton and Lord Methuen. He holds the Ashanti, Zulu. Egyptian, and King's and Queen's South African medals. Finally, and most remarkable of all, he enlisted in the A.I.F., and fought in France with the Tunnellers. He was then 69 years of age and how he came to he enlisted, both for the Boer War and the present war is a long story. It turned that when a man is keen enough, or when fighting is still the blood, nothing will stop him. It is all open secret, locally, that his official age was a year younger when he enlisted in the Boer War than when he joined the A.I.F. When the first 'March to Freedom’ arrived at Quirindi last May, the veteran Corporal was there to meet it, and instantly he picked up the step, and marched into town with the boys, keen on joining up again. With all his half-century of soldiering, the years lie lightly upon him, and with his easy carriage, alertness, and bronze face, "old George" would pass easily amongst strangers as a man of fifty. The story of his life deal with adventure and events, which, together, make up some of the most stirring chapters in the history of the expansion and consolidation of the British Empire. Our illustration shows Corporal Paul in his A.I.F. uniform. What an example for young Australians who have not answered the call.

The story was repeated again in the R.S.S.I.L.A. Official Year Book [Coronation Issue], 1937 which gave a brief vignette about the man similar to that in the Sydney Mail article shown above. Since the R.S.S.I.L.A. Official Year Book was published in 1937, and given the year was when George Paul died, the story was more of an obituary.

George Paul had his baptism registered on 15 February 1848 at the parish of Dornoch, Sutherland so we can assume he was born somewhere around that time. His father was James Paul [b. 1832] and mother known as Kate. We know from NSW Certificate No. 15984 that George Paul died at Quirindi in 1937, making him 89 at the time.

While nothing about him prior to 1900 can be verified, there is nothing in his story that leads to doubt about accepting his history of service. Once he commences service in Australia, then he is picked up by the official records.

The first official record of service we have is that 1123 Trooper George Paul enlisted in the Bushies, the New South Wales Imperial Bushmen. Here are his details from Murray:


George Paul

Service number: 1123

Rank: Sergeant


Conflict: South Africa, 1899-1902 (Boer War)

State: NSW

Source: Murray page number - 104


He was allocated to the last formed NSW squadron, F Squadron. Here is his name and rank recorded on the list published in the Sydney Mail, 7 April 1900 at p. 79. George Paul's name is underlined in red.


New South Wales Imperial Bushmen, F Squadron, Sydney Mail, 7 April 1900.


The Sydney Mail, 28 April 1900 at p. 984 published a photograph of all the men from F company taken the day before they departed. 1123 Trooper George Paul is circled in red.


Some men of the New South Wales Imperial Bushmen, F Squadron
[From: Sydney Mail, 28 April 1900, p. 984.]

Paul embarked from Sydney on the Armenian, 23 April 1900. He spent over a year in South Africa taking part in many of the key engagements of the war.

He arrived back in Sydney on the Orient landing at Cowper Wharf, 15 July 1901. A cartoon series of the landing published in the Sydney Mail, 27 July 1901, p. 217.


A cartoon series of the landing
[From: Sydney Mail, 27 July 1901, p. 217.]


Paul was awarded the Queen's South African Medal with 5 bars - Cape Colony, Orange Free State, Transvaal, Rhodesia and South Africa 1901. There is a bit of a question as to whether he arrived as a Sergeant or Lieutenant.

Paul's next period of service reflected some form of senior rank as he enlisted as 23 Sergeant George Paul, 1st Australian Commonwealth Horse (NSW), A Squadron. Here is his Murray entry from the AWM:


George Paul

Service number: 23

Rank: Trooper


Conflict: South Africa, 1899-1902 (Boer War)

State: NSW

Source: Murray page number - 169


Since this was a Commonwealth formation, his Attestation Papers can be accessed through the NAA.

Again the Sydney Mail was on the job. In the edition of 8 February 1902, at p. 344, they published a picture of the 1st Australian Commonwealth Horse (NSW), A Squadron where we see Sgt Paul seated with his men. He is circled in red.


1st Australian Commonwealth Horse (NSW), A Squadron

[From: Sydney Mail, 8 February 1902, p. 344.]


Paul embarked from Sydney on the Custodian, 18 February 1902. By the time they arrived and prepared for action, the war was coming to a close. Peace broke out on 2 June 1902.

George Paul returned from South Africa on 11 August 1902.

After that, we lose touch with him although it appears that he might have married somewhere along the way. His attestation papers mention a wife Mary Ann but there is no record of this marriage in NSW.

During the Great War, while the "Freedom March" passed by his town, he began the march again and enlisted as a soldier. When he joined up his previous military service was recognised and was made Acting Sergeant but on active service was promoted to Corporal. Here he is in uniform, 3664 Cpl George Paul, No 4 Tunnelling Company prior to embarkation.


A brief military biography of George Paul from The AIF Project:

Regimental number3664
Place of birthDornoch, Scotland
AddressWallabadah, New South Wales
Marital statusMarried
Age at embarkation48
Next of kinWife, Mrs Mary Paul, Wallabadah, New South Wales
Previous military serviceServed in the Ashanti War, 1873-4; Zulu War, 1874; Tel el Kebir, 1882; Boer War, 1899-1902.
Enlistment date19 October 1915
Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll18 October 1915
Rank on enlistment2nd Corporal
Unit nameTunnelling Company 4, Headquarters 1
AWM Embarkation Roll number16/10/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A69 Warilda on 22 May 1916
Rank from Nominal Roll2nd Corporal
Unit from Nominal Roll4th Tunnelling Company
FateReturned to Australia 17 March 1917
Discharge date14 June 1917
Other details

War service: Western Front

Embarked Sydney, 22 May 1916; disembarked Plymouth, England, 18 July 1916.

Proceeded overseas to France, 15 October 1916.

Admitted to 26th General Hospital, Etaples, 6 December 1916 (debility); transferred to England,13 December 1916, and admitted to Dover Hospital; discharged to No 1 Command Depot, Perham Downs, 16 December 1916.

Marched out to No 2 command Depot, Weymouth, 20 November 1916.

Commenced return to Australia from Plymouth on board HT 'Beltana' for discharge (senility), 17 February 1917; arrived Sydney, 15 May 1917; discharged (medically unfit), 14 June 1917.

Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal
Miscellaneous detailsReal age: 69
Date of death1937
SourcesNAA: B2455, PAUL George
Sydney 'Mail', 7 August 1918.



Paul embarked from Sydney on the HMAT A69 "Warilda", 22 May 1916 and arrived at Plymouth on 18 July 1916. From there he went to France on 16 October 1916 ending up at the base at Etaples. Once there, after 2 months, on 6 December 1916, he was admitted to hospital at Etaples with debility. From that moment he was on his way back to Australia, first to Tidworth, then Weymouth, and finally Plymouth where he boarded the Beltana on 17 February 1917 for a trip back to Australia. It looks like the military authorities finally tumbled to the fact that George was not 48 but a tad bit older. When Paul reached Sydney, on 14 June 1917, he received a medical discharge on the grounds of senility.

This is indeed one of those good stories, which occasionally we come across and makes it a sheer joy to research.


Further Reading:

Great War, Military Biographies

Great War, August 1914

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920


Citation: Great War, Military Biographies, The old man of the AIF, George Paul

Posted by Project Leader at 9:12 AM EADT
Updated: Tuesday, 27 July 2010 6:35 PM EADT

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