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"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre aims to present an accurate history as chroniclers of early Australian military developments from 1899 to 1920.

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WARNING: This site contains: names, information and images of deceased people; and, language which may be considered inappropriate today.

Thursday, 31 July 2008
Kadina Day, 24 July 1915
Topic: Gen - St - SA



On Saturday, 24 July 1915, the leading town of South Australia's "Copper Triangle", Kadina, celebrated its annual day. This day, however, was different in one major aspect. The crowd that turned up to demonstrate their patriotism was the largest gathered outside of Adelaide. 

Miss L. Kempster singing "Only a scrap of paper"

Adelaide Observer, 31 July 1915, p. 29. 

One of the hightlights was the performance of Miss L. Kempster as she sang "Only a scrap of paper" to the enthusiastic crowds. Even though she looks like a mere whisp of a young lady, she must have had a powerful voice for there were no microphones or amplifiers in view. The crowd were entertained by Miss Kempster leading them into singing various patriotic songs. Afterwards there was a motorcade called the "Bulldog and his allies." The cars may be seen lined up at the rear of the picture. Another item of entertainment was the Wallaroo Gymnastics club performing their various activities while the Kadina Rifle Club gave a shooting demonstration. It was a most enjoyable day.

As time went on, Kadina Day lost its lustre. New people came up with exciting ideas. Instead of Kadina Day, the Cornish heritage is now celebrated with the Kernewek Lowender, or Cornish Festival. One of the popular pieces of real estate are the quaint Cornish miner's houses which now sell for fabulous amounts of money. Kadina remains a beautiful town in South Australia.

Citation: Kadina Day, 24 July 1915

Posted by Project Leader at 11:13 PM EADT
Updated: Thursday, 31 July 2008 11:20 PM EADT
Saturday, 28 June 2008
South Australia, Mount Gambier Fallen Soldier's Memorial
Topic: Gen - St - SA

South Australia

Mount Gambier

Fallen Soldier's Memorial




The soldiers commemorated at the Mount Gambier Fallen Soldier's Memorial:

Lieutenant J. W. Powell, Killed at Hopkirks Farm, 12 February 1900.

Regimental Sergeant Major J. McGillivray, Killed at Van Kollen's Fontein, 21 July 1901.

Trooper A. T. Palmer, Died at Pretoria, 10 March 1901.

Trooper A. J. Bennier, Killed at Cornelis River Bridge, 27 May 1901.

Trooper W. R. Ewens, Killed at Reitz, 6 June 1901.

Trooper F. W. Hirth, Died at Kroonstadt, 27 February 1902.

Lest we forget 


Further Reading:

South Australia, General Topics

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920


 Citation: South Australia, Mount Gambier Fallen Soldier's Memorial

Posted by Project Leader at 12:55 AM EADT
Updated: Wednesday, 11 November 2009 1:38 PM EAST
Friday, 27 June 2008
Mount Gambier Fallen Soldier's Memorial Ceremony, 13 September 1914
Topic: Gen - St - SA

Mount Gambier citizens took 12 years to unveil a memorial to the six men from the region who were Killed in Action during the Boer War. The description of the event from the Mount Gambier Border Watch speaks for itself. It is interesting reading up on the lives of the individual soldiers mentioned in the story. The Australians in the Boer War Oz-Boer Database Project is the best source for this as the web site is constantly updated from information supplied by many volunteers.  



Mount Gambier Border Watch, 16 September 1914, p. 2.

Citation:  Mount Gambier Fallen Soldier's Memorial Ceremony, 13 September 1914

Posted by Project Leader at 9:01 PM EADT
Updated: Saturday, 28 June 2008 1:15 AM EADT
Monday, 23 June 2008
Eyre Peninsular men serving in the AIF, February 1916
Topic: Gen - St - SA
Below is Page 4 from the West Coast Recorder of 23 February 1916. This is the weekly news paper which was printed in Port Lincoln and serviced the whole of the Eyre Peninsular. It was a recruiting ground for 3rd and 9th LHRs along with the 50th Infantry Battalion. In an effort to understand why their menfolk were no longer around, these sort of articles aimed to let everyone know that the experience of loss was shared throughout the region. It didn't make it any easier to cope with the loss but these articles tended to reduce the isolating experience by advertising the names of the families who shared similar feelings of grief.



Citation: Eyre Peninsular men serving in the AIF, February 1916

Posted by Project Leader at 6:20 PM EADT
Updated: Monday, 23 June 2008 6:36 PM EADT
Friday, 13 June 2008
War? What war? The Critic, 5 August 1914
Topic: Gen - St - SA

To read the edition of The Critic on the day following the declaration of war against Germany and Austria, one might have expected just a hint that there was a war on. For The Critic, it appears to have been a nasty intrusion best ignored. Indeed this is a policy assiduously pursued by this fine newspaper for the duration although on occasion, the newspaper did publish something when casualties were particularly noticeable.


THE CRITIC August 5. 1914. Page 6


This afternoon His Excellency will visit the Islington workshops, and on Friday will inspect the cadets of the St. Peter's College. On Saturday, with Lady Galway, Sir Henry Will attend the reception ceremony to the British scientists, and will be at the Government welcome in the evening. Lady Galway will be present at the chamber music concert at the Elder Conservatorium, and on Thursday night a meeting of the Alliance Francaise at the May Club Rooms.


His Excellency blends graceful satire with a splendid modesty. At the Chamber of Commerce luncheon the other day it was mentioned that his predecessor, Sir Day Bosanquet, had put into book form all his South Australian speeches. It was suggested that Sir Henry should do the same and certainly the suggestion was by no means a piece of diplomatic sincerity. His Excellency, referring to the matter in the course of another fine address said there was one thing he would promise the people of the State. It was this. He would never publish his speeches. We shall have to call the Governor. His Modesty.


Back in South Australia again after seven months'  important surgical experience in the old world, Dr. Cudmore, who also included America in his tour. He was accompanied by his wife and children, and they are all much benefited by the trip.


Another lawyer and another Smith, has been added to the South Australian list. It is Mr. Frank Seymour Smith, and care will have to be taken to prevent confusion with the name of Mr. F. V. Smith, who, however may fall back upon a more prominent use of Villeneuve to overcome any embarrassment. It was the Villeneuve Smith who moved for the admission of the Seymour Smith to the bar, and gave him a good start by saying he had perseverance, energy, and determination. Those are three excellent qualities, but the stock-in-trade of the successful lawyer requires more than these. It might be called a diplomatic conscience and an alternative ability to see innocence or guilt on any side at any moment.


Advice has just been received the; Mr. E. Britten Jones, who was the Rhodes Scholar in 1912, has passed first class for his B.A. degree at Oxford, with honors in physiology. There were only three first class passes, and it is a fine compliment to Mr. Jones as well as to South Australia that he was one of them.


By Fridays mail steamer Mr. R. Bronner will sail to go into Balliol College, Oxford, as a senior student. He will begin his studies with the new Oxford term during the second week in October. Mr. Bronner's idea is to take a two years post graduate course in political science, economics, and philosophy and to secure an original research degree in literature.


The first batch of the big British scientists’ party arrived by the steamer Ascanius on Monday morning. They had spent a few days in Western Australia, where a number of the distinguished visitors are remaining. The main contingent will reach Adelaide on Saturday next. At 5 o'clock that afternoon there will be a University graduation in the Adelaide Town Hall, and in the evening there will be an official reception. The scientists will be in Adelaide for some days, and will hold a portion of their meetings here. Those who came by the Ascanius on Saturday were the President, Professor W. Bateson, Professor A. D. Hall, Professor W. G. Duffield. Professor G. Forbes, and Messrs J. Hesketh and N. Jacobson.


South Australians will always take a keen interest in Guillaux, whatever he does and wherever he goes. His dazzling flying performances on the Cheltenham Course and the thrilling sensationalism of his looping the loop even now produce a queer reeling down the spine when they are recalled. The accident which occurred to the wonderful French aviator in Sydney on Saturday afternoon will cause profound regret in this State. Death or some fearful injury, somehow, seems inevitable when people go flying - flying it might be said in the face of gravitation. Guillaux fell 100 feet, was badly injured himself, and his machine was smashed. What happened has not been disclosed at the time of writing, but Guillaux stated after the accident that "the whole thing was a blank to me after I got up." Spectators of the Frenchman's exploits in the air will sincerely sympathise with him in his personal injury and his severe loss. Aeroplanes cost money, and Guillaux's was one of the latest type.


Mr. and Mrs J. B. Robertson will eerier in South Australia by the mail steamer Orvieto from London on Saturday next. Mr. Robertson is one of the board of management if the Trades Press, Limited, proprietors of Australasian Hardware and Machinery, The Draper of Australasia, and The Chemist and Druggist of Australasia. He left Adelaide 10 years ago to take up the position in Melbourne as sub-editor of The Grocer, and then went to London for The Trades Press. Mrs. Robertson is editress of one of London's well-known magazines, and she intends to write her impressions of Australia.


The Dean has gone to Los Angeles to spend several months with his brother. The very rev. gentleman is accompanied by his daughter, and they expect to have a happy time sojourning in California.


Sir Josiah Symon. K.C. who has been on a brief trip to England, where he was hospitably entertained by members of the English bar and many public officials, sailed on Friday for South Australia. He is a passenger by the mail steamer Maloja, and he will be in Adelaide again during the first week in September.


Although Mr. Edward Reeves, the Adelaide elocutionist, went to England mainly for health and rest, he has apparently found it impossible to keep away from "shop." Prior to leaving Adelaide he told "The Critic" that he intended to "fight shy" of recitals unless, of course, a particularly tempting offer should come along. Presumably it has for Mr. Reeves will begin a series in King George's Hall, London, in October. He should give his public a capital idea of the standard of Australian elocution.


Professor Moore, an American visitor to the meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, was a passenger to Adelaide by the Melbourne express on Saturday.


Captain Jess, who has been appointed to the headquarters staff of the Defence Department in this State, and was recently married, arrived in Adelaide by the Melbourne express on Saturday.


Mr. T. A. Fletcher fourth son of the late Mr. H. C. Fletcher. died at his residence, Woodville, on Saturday. The deceased, who was 53, was associated with Fletcher's slip and shipbuilding yards at Birkenhead. In his younger days he was a great athlete, and played football for the Port Adelaide Club soon after its formation. Mr. Fletcher succumbed to a painful internal malady.


The Chief Justice will be back in Adelaide during the present week and will take a prominent part in the official festivities associated with the visit of the British scientists. Sir Samuel writes with courageous cheerfulness about his recovery from a critical operation. He may preside at the University graduation at the Adelaide Town Hall on Saturday afternoon when distinguished members of the overseas party will be admitted to complimentary degrees. There will be a rousing reception for the Chief lushes when he makes his reappearance on a public platform. The report presented at the annual meeting of the South Australian Law Society, held on Friday evening, expressed gratitude of members of the society at the continued and rapid progress towards recovery of the Chief justice (Sir Samuel Way). The stages of the trying ordeal through which he had passed had been watched with grave anxiety and the profession trusted that His Honor's reward might he such a complete return to health and vigor that he might still further engage upon his already illustrious career in the high judicial office, the duties of which he had proved himself sty eminently qualified to fulfil.



1. Captain Jess -  Carl Herman Jess, born 16 February 1884, was appointed an officer with the 4th Infantry Brigade Headquarters, 30 September 1914. He was married to Mary Jess, who resided at 'Montalto', Miller Street, North Fitzroy, Victoria. He retired from the army as a Brigadier General with the Service Number VP16098. His archival records are maintained in Melbourne.

2.  Maurice Guillaux was an enigma. Click on the link to read his story  on this blog.

Citation: War? What war? The Critic, 5 August 1914 

Posted by Project Leader at 9:18 AM EADT
Updated: Friday, 13 June 2008 6:35 PM EADT

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