"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess
The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre aims to present an accurate history as chroniclers of early Australian military developments from 1899 to 1920.
The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre site holds over 12,000 entries and is growing daily.
The following entries are extracted and transcribed from the 9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, the originals of which are held by the Australian War Memorial. There are 366 entries on this site. Each day has entries as they occurred from 1914 to 1919. In addition to the 9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, when appropriate, entries from the 3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary and other regiments with the Brigade will also appear. Entries from the unit history, Darley, TH, With the Ninth Light Horse in the Great War, Adelaide, Hassell Press, 1924 will also appear from time to time. The aim is to give the broadest context to the story and allow the reader to follow the day to day activities of the regiment. If a relative happened to have served in the regiment during the Great War, then this provides a general framework in which the individual story may be told.
9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Rhododendron Hill
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - No Entry.
Saturday, September 23, 1916
9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Hod Amara
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Routine work. Usual outposts, escorts, etc.
Captain Malcolm, NM, who was taken sick during Reconnaissance to Mazar and evacuated, seconded to Training Squadron vide AIF Egypt Order No. 5.
Sunday, September 23, 1917
9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Um Urgan
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Stood to arms 0430. Church Parade at 0700. “C” Squadron and two troops “A” Squadron moved out at 0430 and took up day outpost line.
Linacre, Lieutenant FJ; and, his troop had a prolonged skirmish with the Turkish cavalry patrols holding Hill 630. The enemy patrols were forced to retire and Hill 630 was occupied by Linacre, Lieutenant FJ; and, his troop for half an hour when he withdrew and the enemy reoccupied it.
Suter, 490 Sergeant J, with patrol of six Other Ranks were patrolling in vicinity of Point 720 when they were charged by a troop of enemy cavalry 25 strong. Suter, 490 Sergeant J, at 50 yards range shot their leading man with a revolver. The enemy troop then withdrew and dismounted and opened fire.
Monday, September 23, 1918
9th Light Horse Regiment Location - El Affule
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - 0100 Regiment moved to El Affule aerodrome and bivouacked. Town guards, picquets and prisoner's escorts were supplied by Regiment. 0730 Moved into bivouac site in Sq O97 J23. Bleechmore, Major C, with 70 men from Regiment watered and escorted to Prisoner of War compound 4,000 prisoners.
3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary - Dispositions remained unchanged. Two Squadrons of the 10th Light Horse Regiment were employed in escorting 4,000 prisoners taken by 4th Cavalry Division from Shutta to El Affule, where 9th Light Horse Regiment provided guards for them. The 10th Light Horse Regiment pushed a patrol out beyond Tumrah and Tel Abu el Taiyibeh, but found no signs of the enemy. The 8th Light Horse Regiment and four machine guns at Nazareth were disposed so as to cover the Tiberias and Acre roads, and found the necessary picquets and guards in the town to protect the captured material and maintain order. A patrol from this regiment to Kefr Kenna reported all clear, but refugees stated enemy were in strength at Tiberias.
Tuesday, September 23, 1919
9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Adelaide
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Regiment disbanded.
The following weeks will see the various pages from the Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook, the official manual issued by the company for the use of troops in the field. The Hotchkiss Gun was introduced in the Light Horse formations during the early months of 1917. The introduction of this robust and portable gun gave the Light Horse Regiments additional mobile fire power which considereably added to their ability to sustain light combat situations and defend against vastly numerically superior forces. Apart from being an excellent weapon, it was in much demand by the Turkish forces who considered the capture of a Hotchkiss Gun well worth any risks involved in the process. This is a manual produced in 1917 and illustrates the method by which the Hotchkiss Gun was packed and moved throughout the Palestine campaign.
Diaries of AIF Servicemen, Bert Schramm, 22 September 1918 Topic: Diary - Schramm
Diaries of AIF Servicemen
22 September 1918
2823 Private Herbert Leslie SCHRAMM, a 22 year old Farmer from Whites River, South Australia. He enlisted on 17 February 1916; and at the conclusion of the war Returned to Australia, 10 July 1919.
During part of the course of his military service with the AIF, Bert Schramm kept a diary of his life. Bert was not a man of letters so this diary was produced with great effort on his behalf. Bert made a promise to his sweetheart, Lucy Solley, that he would do so after he received the blank pocket notebook wherein these entries are found. As a Brigade Scout since September 1918, he took a lead part in the September Offensive by the Allied forces in Palestine. Bert's diary entries are placed alongside those of the 9th Light Horse Regiment to which he belonged and to the 3rd Light Horse Brigade to which the 9th LHR was attached. On this basis we can follow Bert in the context of his formation.
The complete diary is now available on the Australian Light Horse Studies Centre Site at:
Bert Schramm's Handwritten Diary, 18 - 22 September 1918
[Click on page for a larger print version.]
Sunday, September 22, 1918
Bert Schramm's Location - Jenin
Bert Schramm's Diary - We have been gathering up prisoners and even material all day around Jenin and we are moving on towards El Affule tonight. Affule is a big railway centre and was captured by the 4th Division yesterday.
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary
9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Jenin
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - 0430 Parsons, Major HM, DSO with composite squadron two troops A Squadron.
Two troops B Squadron moved along Jenin - Beisan Road to endeavour to collect 200 enemy reported retreating north the previous evening.
0905 He had reached Tel esh Sheikh [Sheet 9 Palestine 1/63360] and reported that he was overlooking Beisan two miles distant and that he could observe our cavalry entering that place by El Affule Road. No trace was found of the 200 enemy reported retreating north. At the village of Jelbon, Todd, 769 Corporal AH, of A Squadron with right flank patrol discovered a party of enemy concealed behind cactus hedge. He skilfully reconnoitred their position and manoeuvred his patrol to their flank and with great courage and dash his patrol charged the party of enemy capturing the whole party consisting of three officers and 28 Other Ranks [Turkish].
The Brigade moved two miles north of El Affule. C Squadron supplied the advanced guard and A Squadron right flank guard to Brigade. Arrived 1820 watered, off-saddled and fed. Parsons, Major HM, with composite Squadron rejoined Regiment at 2000.
3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary
At dawn the reconnoitring squadron of the 9th Light Horse Regiment, [Parsons, Major HM, DSO], moved out through Beit Kad and swept country to within two miles of Beisan, capturing about 80 prisoners. Our cavalry were observed in that place. While on this reconnaissance Todd, 769 Corporal AH, of A squadron with the right flank patrol, observed a party of three officers and 28 other ranks concealed behind a cactus hedge, near the village of Jelbon. After reconnoitring their position, the patrol charged them with drawn swords, upon which the enemy promptly surrendered. The troop of 10th Light Horse Regiment, [Doig, Lieutenant PWK], pushed south along the Nablus road, as far as Ajje, but did not gain touch with the 5th Light Horse Brigade. These detachments joined the Brigade later at El Affule. At 1330 the Brigade marched off for El Affule, with orders to report to the 5th Cavalry Division at that place for instructions. Meanwhile we had been advised that the 8th Light Horse Regiment, having handed over prisoners at El Lejjun, had received direct orders to march to Nazareth, and there relieve a Brigade of the 5th Cavalry Division. Orders from the 5th Cavalry Division were for one Regiment, [10th Light Horse Regiment], to relieve a Brigade of the 5th Cavalry Division of the line Shutta - Zerin and for one Regiment [9th Light Horse Regiment], to lake over all guards and duties at El Affule. 3rd Light Horse Brigade was to be responsible for administration of El Affule. 8th Light Horse Regiment were in occupation of Nazareth and were responsible for administration there. The Brigade arrived at El Affule at 1700, watered and fed. 9th and 10th Light Horse Regiments then moved out and carried out reliefs as above, all being completed by 0300.
Nominal Roll, AWM133, Nominal Roll of Australian Imperial Force who left Australia for service abroad, 1914-1918 War.
War Diaries and Letters
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