Make your own free website on
« April 2008 »
1 2 3 4 5
6 7 8 9 10 11 12
13 14 15 16 17 18 19
20 21 22 23 24 25 26
27 28 29 30
You are not logged in. Log in

Search the site:

powered by FreeFind
Volunteer with us.

Entries by Topic All topics  
A Latest Site News
A - Using the Site
AAA Volunteers
AAB-Education Centre
AAC-Film Clips
AAC-Photo Albums
AIF - Lighthorse
AIF - ALH - A to Z
AIF - DMC - Or Bat
AIF - DMC - Anzac MD
AIF - DMC - Aus MD
AIF - DMC - British
AIF - DMC - French
AIF - DMC - Indian
AIF - DMC - Italian
AIF - DMC - Medical
AIF - DMC - Remounts
AIF - DMC - Scouts
AIF - DMC - Sigs
AIF - DMC - Sigs AirlnS
AIF - DMC - 1 Sig Sqn
AIF - DMC - 2 Sig Sqn
AIF - DMC - Eng
AIF - DMC - Eng 1FSE
AIF - DMC - Eng 2FSE
AIF - 1B - 1 LHB
AIF - 1B - 6 MVS
AIF - 1B - 1 LHMGS
AIF - 1B - 1 Sig Trp
AIF - 1B - 1 LHFA
AIF - 1B - 1 LHR
AIF - 1B - 2 LHR
AIF - 1B - 3 LHR
AIF - 2B - 2 LHB
AIF - 2B - 7 MVS
AIF - 2B - 2 LHFA
AIF - 2B - 2 LHMGS
AIF - 2B - 2 Sig Trp
AIF - 2B - 5 LHR
AIF - 2B - 6 LHR
AIF - 2B - 7 LHR
AIF - 3B - 3 LHB
AIF - 3B - 8 MVS
AIF - 3B - 3 LHB Sigs
AIF - 3B - 3 LHFA
AIF - 3B - 3 LHMGS
AIF - 3B - 3 Sig Trp
AIF - 3B - 8 LHR
AIF - 3B - 9 LHR
AIF - 3B - 10 LHR
AIF - 4B - 4 LHB
AIF - 4B - 4 Sig Trp
AIF - 4B - 9 MVS
AIF - 4B - 4 LHFA
AIF - 4B - 4 LHMGS
AIF - 4B - 4 LHR
AIF - 4B - 11 LHR
AIF - 4B - 12 LHR
AIF - 5B - 5 LHB
AIF - 5B - 10 MVS
AIF - 5B - 5 LHFA
AIF - 5B - 5 Sig Trp
AIF - 5B - ICC
AIF - 5B - 14 LHR
AIF - 5B - 15 LHR
AIF - 5B - 1er Regt
AIF - 5B - 2 NZMGS
AIF - Aboriginal LH
AIF - Badges
AIF - Cars
AIF - Chinese LH
AIF - Double Sqns
AIF - Engineers
AIF - Fr - 22 Corps
AIF - Fr - 13 LHR
AIF - Honour Roll
AIF - HQ - 3rd Echelon
AIF - Marching Songs
AIF - Misc Topics
AIF - NZMRB - Sig-Trp
AIF - Ships
AIF - Ships - Encountr
AIF - Ships - Una
AIF - Wireless Sqn
BatzA - Australia
BatzA - Broken Hill
BatzA - Liverpool
BatzA - Merivale
BatzB - Boer War
BatzB - Bakenlaagte
BatzB - Belmont
BatzB - Bothaville
BatzB - Buffels Hoek
BatzB - Coetzees Drift
BatzB - Diamond Hill
BatzB - Driefontein
BatzB - Elands
BatzB - Graspan
BatzB - Grobelaar
BatzB - Grootvallier
BatzB - Hartebestfontn
BatzB - Houtnek
BatzB - Karee Siding
BatzB - Kimberley
BatzB - Koster River
BatzB - Leeuw Kop
BatzB - Mafeking
BatzB - Magersfontein
BatzB - Modder River
BatzB - Onverwacht
BatzB - Paardeberg
BatzB - Palmietfontein
BatzB - Pink Hill
BatzB - Poplar Grove
BatzB - Rhenoster
BatzB - Sannahs Post
BatzB - Slingersfontn
BatzB - Stinkhoutbm
BatzB - Sunnyside
BatzB - Wilmansrust
BatzB - Wolvekuil
BatzB - Zand River
BatzG - Gallipoli
BatzG - Anzac
BatzG - Aug 1915
BatzG - Baby 700
BatzG - Evacuation
BatzG - Hill 60
BatzG - Hill 971
BatzG - Krithia
BatzG - Lone Pine
BatzG - Nek
BatzJ - Jordan Valley
BatzJ - 1st Amman
BatzJ - 2nd Amman
BatzJ - Abu Tellul
BatzJ - Es Salt
BatzJ - JV Maps
BatzJ - Ziza
BatzM - Mespot
BatzM - Baghdad
BatzM - Ctesiphon
BatzM - Daur
BatzM - Kurna
BatzM - Kut el Amara
BatzM - Ramadi
BatzN - Naval
BatzN - AE1
BatzN - Cocos Is
BatzN - Heligoland
BatzN - Marmara
BatzN - Zeebrugge
BatzN - Zeppelin L43
BatzNG - Bitapaka
BatzO - Other
BatzO - Baku
BatzO - Egypt 1919
BatzO - Emptsa
BatzO - Karawaran
BatzO - Peitang
BatzO - Wassa
BatzP - Palestine
BatzP - 1st Gaza
BatzP - 2nd Gaza
BatzP - 3rd Gaza
BatzP - Aleppo
BatzP - Amwas
BatzP - Ayun Kara
BatzP - Bald Hill
BatzP - Balin
BatzP - Beersheba
BatzP - Berkusieh
BatzP - Damascus
BatzP - El Auja
BatzP - El Buggar
BatzP - El Burj
BatzP - Haifa
BatzP - Huj
BatzP - JB Yakub
BatzP - Kaukab
BatzP - Khan Kusseir
BatzP - Khuweilfe
BatzP - Kuneitra
BatzP - Megiddo
BatzP - Nablus
BatzP - Rafa
BatzP - Sasa
BatzP - Semakh
BatzP - Sheria
BatzP - Surafend
BatzP - Wadi Fara
BatzS - Sinai
BatzS - Bir el Abd
BatzS - El Arish
BatzS - El Mazar
BatzS - El Qatiya
BatzS - Jifjafa
BatzS - Magdhaba
BatzS - Maghara
BatzS - Romani
BatzS - Suez 1915
BatzSe - Senussi
BatzWF - Westn Front
BW - Boer War
BW - NSW - A Bty RAA
BW - NSW - Aust H
BW - NSW - Lancers
BW - NSW - NSW Inf
BW - Qld
BW - Qld - 1ACH
BW - Qld - 1QMI
BW - Qld - 2QMI
BW - Qld - 3ACH
BW - Qld - 3QMI
BW - Qld - 4QIB
BW - Qld - 5QIB
BW - Qld - 6QIB
BW - Qld - 7ACH
BW - SA - 2ACH
BW - SA - 4ACH
BW - SA - 8ACH
BW - Tas
BW - Tas - 1ACH
BW - Tas - 1TIB
BW - Tas - 1TMI
BW - Tas - 2TB
BW - Tas - 2TIB
BW - Tas - 3ACH
BW - Tas - 8ACH
BW - Vic
BW - Vic - 1VMI
BW - Vic - 2ACH
BW - Vic - 2VMR
BW - Vic - 3VB
BW - Vic - 4ACH
BW - Vic - 4VIB
BW - Vic - 5VMR
BW - Vic - 6ACH
BW - Vic - AAMC
BW - Vic - Scot H
BW - WA - 2ACH
BW - WA - 3WAB
BW - WA - 4ACH
BW - WA - 8ACH
BW Gen - Campaign
BW Gen - Soldiers
BW General
Cavalry - General
Diary - Schramm
Egypt - Heliopolis
Egypt - Mena
Gen - Ataturk Pk, CNB
Gen - Australia
Gen - Legends
Gen - Query Club
Gen - St - NSW
Gen - St - Qld
Gen - St - SA
Gen - St - Tas
Gen - St - Vic
Gen - St - WA
Gm - German Items
Gm - Bk - 605 MGC
GW - 11 Nov 1918
GW - Atrocities
GW - August 1914
GW - Biographies
GW - Propaganda
GW - Spies
GW - We forgot
Militia 1899-1920
Militia - Area Officers
Militia - Inf - Infantry
Militia - Inf - 1IB
Militia - Inf - 2IB
Militia - Inf - 3IB
Militia - Inf - NSW
Militia - Inf - Qld
Militia - Inf - SA
Militia - Inf - Tas
Militia - Inf - Vic
Militia - Inf - WA
Militia - K.E.Horse
Militia - LH
Militia - LH - Regts
Militia - LH - 1LHB
Militia - LH - 2LHB
Militia - LH - 3LHB
Militia - LH - 4LHB
Militia - LH - 5LHB
Militia - LH - 6LHB
Militia - LHN - NSW
Militia - LHN - 1/7/1
Militia - LHN - 2/9/6
Militia - LHN - 3/11/7
Militia - LHN - 4/6/16
Militia - LHN - 5/4/15
Militia - LHN - 6/5/12
Militia - LHN - 28
Militia - LHQ - Qld
Militia - LHQ - 13/2
Militia - LHQ - 14/3/11
Militia - LHQ - 15/1/5
Militia - LHQ - 27/14
Militia - LHS - SA
Militia - LHS - 16/22/3
Militia - LHS - 17/23/18
Militia - LHS - 24/9
Militia - LHT - Tas
Militia - LHT - 12/26
Militia - LHV - Vic
Militia - LHV - 7/15/20
Militia - LHV - 8/16/8
Militia - LHV - 9/19
Militia - LHV - 10/13
Militia - LHV - 11/20/4
Militia - LHV - 19/17
Militia - LHV - 29
Militia - LHW - WA
Militia - LHW-18/25/10
Militia - Military Orders
Militia - Misc
MilitiaRC - Rifle Clubs
MilitiaRC - NSW
MilitiaRC - NT
MilitiaRC - Qld
MilitiaRC - SA
MilitiaRC - Tas
MilitiaRC - Vic
MilitiaRC - WA
Militiaz - New Zealand
Tk - Turkish Items
Tk - Army
Tk - Bks - Books
Tk - Bks - 1/33IR
Tk - Bks - 27th IR
Tk - Bks - Air Force
Tk - Bks - Yildirim
Tk - POWs
Wp - Weapons
Wp - Hotchkiss Cav
Wp - Hotchkiss PMG
Blog Tools
Edit your Blog
Build a Blog
RSS Feed
View Profile
Open Community
Post to this Blog
Site Index
Education Centre
LH Militia
Boer War
Transport Ships
LH Battles
ALH - Units
ALH - General
Aboriginal Light H
Ottoman Sources

"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre aims to present an accurate history as chroniclers of early Australian military developments from 1899 to 1920.

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre site holds over 12,000 entries and is growing daily.

Contact: Australian Light Horse Studies Centre

Let us hear your story: You can tell your story, make a comment or ask for help on our Australian Light Horse Studies Centre Forum called:

Desert Column Forum

WARNING: This site contains: names, information and images of deceased people; and, language which may be considered inappropriate today.

Saturday, 12 April 2008
9th LHR AIF War Diary, 12 April
Topic: AIF - 3B - 9 LHR

9th LHR, AIF

9th Light Horse Regiment

War Diary, 12 April

Pro Gloria et Honore - For Glory and Honour

Regimental March -  Marching Through Georgia



The following entries are extracted and transcribed from the 9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, the originals of which are held by the Australian War Memorial. There are 366 entries on this site. Each day has entries as they occurred from 1914 to 1919. In addition to the 9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, when appropriate, entries from the 3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary and other regiments with the Brigade will also appear. Entries from the unit history, Darley, TH, With the Ninth Light Horse in the Great War, Adelaide, Hassell Press, 1924 will also appear from time to time. The aim is to give the broadest context to the story and allow the reader to follow the day to day activities of the regiment. If a relative happened to have served in the regiment during the Great War, then this provides a general framework in which the individual story may be told.


The Diary



Sunday, April 12, 1914

See 4th Military District, South Australia for militia activities.



Monday, April 12, 1915

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Mena Camp, Egypt.

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary -  No entry.

Carew Reynell Diary - No entry.



Wednesday, April 12, 1916

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Serapeum, Egypt.

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - No entry.



The Jifjafa column struck camp and moved off from the bivouac at 0730 hours and proceeded up the Wadi Muksheib, passing the sight of the 8th LHR reconnaissance bivouac occupied on the 22nd March at 0820 hours.
The column continued on until it reached the well situated in the bend of the Wadi about three quarters of a miles east of where the Wadi Muksheib turns south towards Moiya-Harab, which had previously been reconnoitered by the 8th. Here the column bivouacked at 1120 hours.
The Camel Transport, under escort from the Bikanir Camel Corps, which had left the first bivouac at the same time as the column, arrived at this camp at 1320 hours. From about one and a quarter miles east of this bivouac reconnoitring patrols were sent out north and south in a bid to see if any sign of Bedouin camps could be found.
These camps had been reported by a British aeroplane at 0716 hours to be near Moiya-Harab, but apart from sighting fresh human and camel tracks, no camps were found. During the morning three Bedouins and a camel were captured and brought into camp. Further patrols were sent out to reconnoitre for water.
Later in the afternoon the column again prepared to move on to point 1340 (Square 3B Little Bitter Lake Sheet, Sinai Peninsula Map), leaving one officer, Lt Nelson, and 16 other ranks of the 9th Light Horse Squadron, plus 4 Light Horsemen Camel drivers, at the Well to guard the portion of the Camel Transport not needed for this next stage of the journey.
The column continued N.N.E. up a branch of the Wadi Muksheib for about a mile and a half until they reached the high ground of the desert and keeping the hills in sight continued the march for point 1340 during the night. The passage up the Wadi was found to be very rough and impassable to wheeled vehicles, but once up on the desert floor the surface was sound and good progress was made.



Thursday, April 12, 1917
9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Deir el Belah
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Working party of 45 men per Squadron under Parsons, Major HM, beginning at 0630 and continuing with work on cisterns.


Friday, April 12, 1918
9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Selmieh
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Mounted training. Commanding Officer proceeded by motor car on reconnaissance to El Mughar.
Daly, Major TJ; and, Luxmoore, Captain EM, on reconnaissance to Mejdel Yaba.
Nelson, Captain AH, to Deir el Belah for remounts.



Saturday, April 12, 1919
9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Zagazig
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - 2000, twelve Other Ranks proceeded to reinforce station guard as rumours of impending trouble received.
Clark, Captain HP, reported as Regimental Medical Officer.


Previous: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 11 April

Next: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 13 April



See: 9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Contents
Australian Light Horse Studies Centre, AIF War Diaries of the Great War, Site Transcription Policy


Further Reading:

9th Light Horse Regiment AIF

Bert Schramm Diary

9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour 

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920


Citation: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 12 April

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Saturday, 31 July 2010 11:39 AM EADT
Friday, 11 April 2008
The Jifjafa Raid, Sinai, April 10 to 14, 1916, Operation Order No. 6
Topic: AIF - 3B - 3 LHB

The Jifjafa Raid

Sinai, 10 - 14 April 1916

 Operation Order No. 6


Operation Order No. 6 by Brigadier General JM Antill, CB, GOC, 3rd ALH Brigade


The transcription:



Third Light Horse Brigade

Operation Order No. 6

By Brigadier General JM Antill, CB, GOC, 3rd ALH Brigade

1. Information and Intention

To verify the reports of Agents and Air Service as to the existence of a small Turkish Post at Jifjafa (not exceeding 40 men, including workmen.)

To destroy at least two wells over which gyns have been erected, and if possible capture the Post.

A telephone line has been observed which apparently stops about 1 mile north east of the main post.

To report further upon:-

(a) Water in vicinity of country traversed.

(b) Works and defences if any.

(c) Further information of military value.

(d) Effect capture if possible of enemy personnel or inhabitants.

2. Detail of Troops

Commanding Officer - WH Scott, 9th Light Horse

Staff Officer, Captain AE Wearne, 8th Light Horse

(1) One Squadron of 117 all ranks of 9th Light Horse and 5 spare horses. (1 Officer and 12 Other Ranks - 8th Light Horse.)

(2) 24 Bikanir Camel Corps and 1 Interpreter, for escort duty and despatch riding.

(3) Detachment of Engineers, for demolition and water duties.

(4) WT Wireless Pack Detachment(to be provided by General Headquarters as a self contained unit, carrying 5 days water and supplies.)

(5) Detachment Royal Flying Corps for communication with Air-Craft. This detachment will require 2 horses, 2 riding camels and 2 pack camels, to be supplied by Officer Commanding 10th Light Horse, and Camel Transport Corps respectively.

(6) Officer Commanding 3rd Light Horse Field Ambulance will detail one Medical Officer and Orderly to accompany the Column. 5 Camels equipped with sitting up cacolets will accompany this unit, also 2 sand carts furnished complete by Assistant Director of Medical Services 4th Infantry Division (less 8 horses and 2 Drivers furnished by 3rd Light Horse Brigade).

(7) Officer Commanding 9th Light Horse will detail a Machine Gun Detachment of 1 Officer and 4 Other Ranks as part of the command, but to be included in the above numbers. (Pack Equipment for carrying the Gun is being arranged for.)

(8) Captain Macaulay (GSO 3, 2nd Anzac) will accompany the Column as Intelligence Officer and Arabic Interpreter.

3. Camel Transport.

Officer Commanding Camel Transport Corps will provide:-

Camels to carry food, forage, and water for the whole of the Column (less Wireless Detachment). The numbers required for this detail are being communicated direct to the Officer Commanding Camel Transport.

4. Starting Points

Road head east of Railhead for Fighting Troops, No's 1, 3, 6, 7, and 8.

Supply Depot at Railhead for Camel Transport and other Details No. 2, 4, and 5. (Times hereafter.)

5. Movement of Troops

1st Day, 11 April 1916

Column will assemble at Starting Point at 1345, leaving at 1400 to reach the Bivouac occupied by Reconnaissance Party of 21 March 1916 situation in the Wadi um Muksheib, some 6-8 miles from Moiya Harab at 0200 12 March 1916. There is will rest until 0800.

At the above point the Camel Transport should be in waiting.

2nd Day, 12 April 1916

Leave Bivouac at 0800 and proceed to the water at Moiya Harab or north east of that place, where it will rest until 1400, when the Column will continue its march to Point 1340 north east of Moiya Harab and bivouac for the night

3rd Day, 13 April 1916

From Point 1340 the objects of the Reconnaissance will be carried out, returning to Point 1340 on completion - Bivouac, and if the circumstances permit, remain until early morning, thence to water by 0700.

4th Day, 14 April 1916

Feed and water at cistern, and continue march to Bivouac of 11 April 1916, arriving about noon, rest until evening, and continue return march.

5th Day, 15 April 1916

Arrive at Starting Point early hours of 15 April 1916.

6. Movement of Camel Transport

With an escort of 20 Bikanir Camel Corps and Interpreter, the Camel Train will leave the Starting Point at 1400 on 10 April 1916, and following a Programme compiled by Officer Commanding Camel Transport reach the Bivouac mentioned in Paragraph 5. 1st Day at 0200 on 12 April 1916.

From here it will move under orders of Officer Commanding Column, and in conjunction with the same.

It will accompany the Column as far as Point 1340 (less Camels it has dropped at Posts formed). As soon as possible after the return of the Reconnaissance to Point 1340 all Camels will be started on return march and every effort made to move them out of danger zone.


The above itinerary (once on the move) is subject to circumstances.

7. Ammunition

200 rounds Small Arms Ammunition per man will be carried, and 5 boxes for the Machine Gun.

8. Supplies and Water

Officer Commanding Supply Depot will arrange for the following:-

(1) Rations and forage for Men, Horses, Natives and Camels, for 5 (five) days.

(2) Water for European personnel for the whole period, one day's water for Natives and Horses at 5 gallons. Native personnel, horses and camels, will depend on water supply at Moiya Harab after the first day.

(3) One emergency ration will be carried by all ranks, which is not to be used without order from Officer Commanding Column.

(4) Water Bottles will be filled.

(5) One feed will be carried on the horse.

9. Tools, etc.

10 Shovels and one Bale Sand Bags will be carried on Camel Transport, to be supplied by Royal Engineers.

A Rotary pump, 20 feet hosing, and 40 feet canvas troughing will be taken. To be supplied by Commanding Officer, Royal Engineers.

10. Dress

Marching Order - one empty sand bag will be carried in lieu of picket bag.

11. Communications

By Wireless and 3 Signallers carrying Helios, Lamp and Flags.

(The above 3 men will be included in the 130 all ranks.)

A Post will be arranged for, and to be situated on the front line to communicate with the Column on its return. Brigade Headquarters to be advised as soon as in touch.

12. Aeroplanes

Co-operation by Aeroplane is being arranged for.

13. Reports

Officer Commanding Column will report to Headquarters by Wireless as opportunity offers, his movements, result of enterprise, and time of return start.

Signed CC Dangar, Captain

Brigade Major, 3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade.


Further Reading:

Reconnaissance to Muksheib by Captain Wearne

The Jifjafa Raid, Sinai, April 10 to 14

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920


Citation: The Jifjafa Raid, Sinai, April 10 to 14, 1916, Operation Order No. 6

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Sunday, 29 November 2009 8:51 AM EAST
The Jifjafa Raid, Sinai, April 10 to 14, 1916, Continuation of Operation Order No. 6
Topic: AIF - 3B - 3 LHB

The Jifjafa Raid

Sinai, 10 - 14 April 1916

 Continuation of Operation Order No. 6


Continuation of Operation Order No. 6 by Brigadier General JM Antill, CB, GOC, 3rd ALH Brigade


The transcription:



Third Light Horse Brigade

Continuation of Operation Order No. 6

By Brigadier General JM Antill, CB, GOC, 3rd ALH Brigade

1. Information and Intention

Aeroplane reconnaissance reports that Jifjafa is probably temporarily abandoned, although tents and gear at Wells are still in possession.

Wells may have dried up, so finding water cannot be depended upon.

The head of a good Motor Road is known to run from Hassana to within 8 - 10 miles north east of Jifjafa.

Latest reports show the garrison of posts in the neighbourhood to be as follows:-
Hassana - 900

Bir el Hamma - 50

Nekhl - 200

No extended reconnaissance is required north or east of Jifjafa, but information gleaned of the country towards Rodh Salem will be of much value in connection with any future possible objective in that direction.

The 9th Corps will provide a Column at Bir el Giddi on the night of 12th and 13th April - this Column will assist in deceiving the enemy and also provide against any flanking movement by the enemy against our right and right rear.

This Column may probably be accompanied by a detachment of the Bikanir Camel Corps.

Wells or erections calculated to be of subsequent use to us are NOT to be blown in or damaged, but all gear and stores to be destroyed or brought away. Information on the following points will also be reported upon:-
(a) Accurate information as regards all wells and other sources of water supply.

(b) Samples of water.

2. Time of Starting

Camel Train will leave Starting Point at 1700 - 10 April 1916, but will not pass through Front Line until dark.

3. Wireless

Lieutenant Eggar, Royal Engineers, is in Command of the Detachment. All messages to 3rd Light Horse Brigade from the Column will be prefaced by the letter "Z".

4. Ammunition

Reserve of 10,000 Small Arms Ammunition to be carried (Camel Transport).

5. Maps

Four of Suez (1/250,000) issued to Officer Commanding Column.

6. Wirecutters

One cutter per section to be carried.

7. Horses

Officer Commanding 10th Light Horse will supply the following additional horses:-
10 for Engineers

2 for Guides

1 for Officer Commanding Wireless Detachment

These horses will accompany the Column leaving on 11 April 1916.

8. Field Dressing

To be carried by all ranks.

9. Relief

The Commanding Officer 10th Light Horse will be prepared to have ONE Squadron (120 all ranks) ready if called upon to co-operate in these operations. This will not (if at all) be required until, at earliest, the morning of the 13th inst., and instructions will be issued from Brigade Headquarters before the Unit receives preparatory Orders. Transport, if required, will be arranged and the Orders regarding the Column will generally apply to this party.

Signed CC Dangar, Captain

Brigade Major, 3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade.

Further Reading:

Reconnaissance to Muksheib by Captain Wearne

The Jifjafa Raid, Sinai, April 10 to 14

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920


Citation: The Jifjafa Raid, Sinai, April 10 to 14, 1916, Continuation of Operation Order No. 6

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Sunday, 29 November 2009 8:48 AM EAST
The Jifjafa Raid, Sinai, April 10 to 14, 1916, Roll of Honour, 3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade
Topic: AIF - 3B - 3 LHB

The Jifjafa Raid

Sinai, 10 - 14 April 1916

Roll of Honour

3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade


Poppies on the Roll of Honour, Australian War Memorial, Canberra


The Roll of Honour contains the names of all the men from the 3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade known to have served and lost their lives during the Battle of Magdhaba.


Roll of Honour

Stephen Frederick MONAGHAN, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

Lest We Forget

Further Reading:

Reconnaissance to Muksheib by Captain Wearne

The Jifjafa Raid, Sinai, April 10 to 14

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920


Citation: The Jifjafa Raid, Sinai, April 10 to 14, 1916, Roll of Honour, 3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Sunday, 29 November 2009 10:19 AM EAST
The Jifjafa Raid, Sinai, April 10 to 14, 1916, Scott Account
Topic: AIF - 3B - 9 LHR

The Jifjafa Raid

Sinai, 10 - 14 April 1916

Scott Account


Reconnaissance Report by Major WH Scott, Commanding Officer, 9th Light Horse Regiment


The Transcription:


Hour of Starting:
Left starting point at 1407, 11 April 1916.

Rate of March:

Normal walk with a halt at 10 minutes to each hour and resuming march at each hour.


1st Day, 11 April 1916.

The Column proceeded in a south westerly direction and halted to heed horses at 1700 on contour 500 and 3/4 mile due north of Point 610, Square 3D [Little Bitter Lake Sheet]. From starting point to this place the surface gradually got more solid for the horses.

OC Field Ambulance asked me to slacken the pace of the Head of Column as his horses had to trot in places to keep up and even then had to travel 3 or 4 minutes at every halt to catch up with column. On moving off at 1930 the course was set for 115 degrees which was practically kept except for skirting sand hills until the Wadi Um Mukhshieb was struck at 2130.

The travelling over this portion was very good and although the Column moved at a fast walk the Ambulance Sand Cart had no difficulty in keeping up with the Column.The Column marched down the wadi to the point of bivouac about half a mile south west of Point 850 Square 3M [Little Bitter Lake Sheet].

This point was reached at 2230. The travelling down the wadi was very good and except for a few short patches which were sandy was fit for Field Artillery to move at the trot. The Camel Train was met there.

2nd Day 12 April 1916

Column left bivouac at 0730. The bivouac occupied by the previous Reconnaissance Column was passed at 0820 and the well reconnoitred by previous Column was reached at 1120. The travelling down the wadi was very good except for the last mile and a quarter which was very rough and stony. The Camel Transport which left the same time as the Column under escort of Bikanir Camel Corps arrived at the well at 1320. This well is situated in the bend of the wadi about 5/8th of a mile east of where the wadi turns south to Moiya-Harab, Square 5k [Little Bitter Lake Sheet]. Here the Column bivouacked.

At about 11/4 [one and a quarter] miles east of this well, reconnoitring parties were sent out both to north and south to find out if any signs could be seen of Bedouin Camps which had been reported near by aeroplane at 0715, but no sign of the camps could be found although fresh camel and human feet tracks were very plain. During the morning three Bedouins and a camel were captured and brought along with the Column. They were afterwards released.

From this point reconnoitring parties were sent out and the information obtained as shown in paragraph about water.

The Column resumed its march to point 1340 leaving the bivouac site by a branch of the wadi running north north east for about a mile and half until the high land was reached. This wadi was extremely rough and impassable to wheeled traffic.

The march continued to point 1340 Square 5B [Little Bitter Lake Sheet] keeping in sight of the hills all the whole way. The surface was very good and arrived at point 1340 at 0230 of the 3rd day where the Column bivouacked.

One Officer and 16 Other Ranks of the Light Horse Squadron and four Light Horse Camel drivers were left at the well to guard Camel Train not required on the next part of the journey.

3rd Day, 13 April 1916.

At 0530 the Column moved from this point leaving the Bikanir Camel Corps, Wireless Section and Transport under the charge of Captain BB Ragless, and marched to hill 1082, Square 2D and halted there at 0730. Awaited for message from aeroplane which was dropped at 0800. The message received stated that "All was clear". From this point it was decided to attack the enemy's position. The travelling along the track was very good but in view of Hill 1082 and to the hills to the south and east throughout its entire distance.

The return journey to point 1340 was made along practically the same route as was 1340 to bivouac at well except the wadi was followed down from about one mile east of point 1648 Square 3L Square 5k [Little Bitter Lake Sheet]. From this point back to the well was extremely rough and very hard going. The return route from this point to Road Head was on practically the same lines as going out.


1. At second bivouac a well and cistern containing total of 33,000 gallons.

2. At branch of wadi where it turns south to Moiya-Harab is a cistern 50 foot by 15 foot by 18 foot deep containing 9 feet of water. The opening has a wooden cover, 8 foot by 9 foot and a round man hole 1 foot 6 inches in diameter. This contained about 42,300 gallons of water.

North east of this is a large underground excavation with 4 stone pillars cut out of solid rock. The roof is four feet from the floor. The floor is covered with silt which appears to come from the back of the excavation. The stone pillars are about four feet square. There is no water in this excavation.

To the north east and about ten feet from the back of the excavation a cistern runs back into the hill for a distance of at least thirty feet and fifteen feet wide and twenty two feet deep. There is at present two feet of water in this cistern containing approximately 5,700 gallons of water.

(a) North east of this cistern about ten feet is another cistern which is entirely silted up.

(b) North east of (a) is a dry cistern with a man hole cut out of the rock fifteen inches in diameter.

(c) North east of (b) about fourteen feet is a cistern forty feet by thirty feet by ten feet dry with silt in the bottom.

(d) East north east of (c) is a cistern with a small man hole four feet by two feet nearly silted.

(e) Two hundred to two fifty yards north east of (d) on the side of the hill facing east a tunnel enters hill about 30 feet from the bottom of the valley and runs in 19 feet and enters in four chambers each about nine feet square and seven feet high with troughs cut out of three sides eighteen inches wide and twelve inches deep.

3. Moiya-Harab - Following the branch of the wadi down south from Water No 2 the well is about two and a half miles distant and on the east side of the wadi. This well has a diameter of fifteen feet a depth of eight feet and has two feet six inches of water. This was all the water found in the locality Gebel Um Mukhshieb. No water was found at Bir el Jifjafa.

Capture of Turks at Bir El Jifjafa

The force was halted to the south of Hill 1080 out of view of Bir el Jifjafa and the attack was planned for 0900 13 April 1916 as the Royal Flying corps had informed me that they believed the personnel of the Camp retired to the hills until after aeroplanes passed over them and then returned to camp.

Having made a reconnaissance with field glasses on Troop under Lieutenant McDonald was detailed to pass around the west and north of Hill 1080 and occupy a point on ridge about a mile north west of supposed position of enemy's camp.

One Troop under Lieutenant Pender to move north east and pass enemy's works on the south.

One Troop less eight men under Lieutenant Linacre to make the frontal attack. Four men and Machine Gun Section were held in reserve and four men for escort to Engineers Stores and Ammunition.

On arrival at point X it was seen that Lieutenant McDonald would be a little late arriving at his position so Lieutenant Linacre and sixteen others were sent over ridge slightly to north of enemy's post. The remaining men and Reserves marched direct on to the Post.

One man of the enemy's outpost was seen to retire.

The whole of the enemy bolted from the camp, some taking to the hills and others to south east.

Those who took to the hills were headed off by Lieutenant Pender's Troop and the enemy took up position shown on sketch. Here the fighting took place with the result that the whole party were either killed or captured.

Six of the enemy were known to be killed and five wounded, one of these being in a very serious condition and could not be moved.

The following prisoners were captured:

1 Austrian Engineer Officer

34 Other Ranks including four wounded

According to the Austrian Officer the post was occupied by one Officer, 25 Soldiers and 15 Labour Corps. A Total of 41. It would appear the whole of the enemy's force had been accounted for, but two mounted men were seen to gallop away in an easterly direction. These may not have belonged to Post; I regret to have to report that No 976 Corporal Monaghan of the 8th Light horse Regiment was killed. Our other casualties being on horse killed.

Enemy's Personnel.

From information received from the prisoners the enemy's fighting force was part of the 2nd Company 4th Battalion 79th Regiment 27th Division 8th Army Corps 4th Army and the other personnel belonged to a Labour Corps,

Enemy's Works.

No. 1 boring plant. Well casing six inch diameter. Bore 276 feet deep. No water. Work of boring apparently suspended though all plant was laid out in readiness for work.


German military artesian. Very substantive, beautifully made, nothing temporary about any part of it. This part consisted of winch separate from gin legs and one and a half inch steel rope used. Large quantities of tools small parts of drill etc., of boring plant. These were dropped down the bore which was subsequently blown in 25 feet from the surface rendering recovery impossible.

No. 2 Bore. Eight inches diameter 51 feet deep. Apparently abandoned. Situated 41 yards east of No. 1 Bore. Found damp sand at bottom. This was a well casing only with no plant.

No. 3 Bore. Similar to No. 1 but winch was bracketed to frame of gin. Well casing eight feet in diameter. Depth 260 feet [approximately]. No water and no tools. Plant demolished.

Two sets of gins wrecked by cutting legs in two with gun cotton. Two winches one fixed to frame of gin and the other quarter hydraulic pipe destroyed with gun cotton and hammers. Twenty rendered useless.

Camp equipment.

6 Bell tents,

1 large tent,

stores of biscuits,

blankets and

general camp equipment

were burned.

4,000 rounds of small arms ammunition were destroyed by dropping down bores and afterwards blown up also by placing in fires.

19 rifles captured.

7 rifles destroyed.

2 enemy camels captured.

A number of papers and letters were seized.

Enemy's defences.

Three trenches in echelon were in course of construction. Two being practically finished. To the east of the trenches was a concrete foundation with a circular groove cut round it evidently for the foundation of an anti aircraft gun. This was not reported to me until after leaving the works.

Attack on camp at No. 1 Well.

Lieutenant Nelson was left in charge of details at this bivouac he reported that during the night of the 12th/13th a large number of shots were fired into the camp to which he replied. No casualties took place. He had the assistance of one Officer and 10 Other Ranks of the Middlesex Yeomanry who had connected up from the 9th Army Corps Reconnaissance on the previous night. It is believed that this firing came from Bedouins.

Wadi in flood.

On the 14th April 1916 on the return journey at about 1700 the wadi came down in flood.


In the region of wells No. 1, 2, and 3, a small party could keep off a large force from getting to the wells owing to the rough nature of the ground. The whole of the road from Moiya-Harab to Bir el Jifjafa is commanded by hills on the east and an observation point on 1082 would see practically the whole of the last 10 miles of this road.


On the morning of the 13th the Khamp Seem was blowing and concealed our movements to a great extent. The atmosphere became much clearer by 0800 and gave every opportunity for observation. At about 1200 when we started to return the dust was very thick and continued so till late at night.

A halt was made at the camp at 1340 and the march to the water started at 1730 and arrived there at 2230; frequent halts had to be made in order to keep in touch with the Camels.


The wireless detachment had a good deal of difficulty in getting messages through owing to the dust interfering with the adjustments in the apparatus and the constant jamming of higher power stations. This detachment was very smart in erecting and dismantling its station.

Efficiency. The men and horses stood the fatigue well, four horses had gone lame owing to having their shoes pulled off by the stones in the wadi.

There were no cases of sickness amongst the personnel. Both men and horses were tired on return to camp.

I desire to bring under notice the names of the following:-

1. Captain MacCaulay, 2nd AA NZ Staff for his able personal assistance to myself in the collection of information and for his cooperation during the operations.

2. Captain Warne, 8th Light horse Regiment. This Officer made a previous reconnaissance of portion of the country and his knowledge and experience were of great value to me from first to last. He is the finest Scout Officer I have seen and was untiring in his energy, giving me particular help in his topographical knowledge.

3. Lieutenant Pender, 9th light Horse Regiment. This officer whom I placed in charge of the right attacking party showed considerable initiative in anticipation of the enemy's retirement by making a rapid movement round the rear of the position, thus cutting off the preventing the escape of any of the garrison.

4. Lieutenant Eggar and personnel of the RE Section, Wireless and the Officers Lieutenants Snooks and Pitman and personnel of the Royal Flying Corps.

5. Captain Ayris, 10th Light Horse Regiment, ADC to GOC, 3rd Light horse Brigade, acted in the capacity of my Staff and did excellent work and personally captured the Austrian Officer.

6. Bikanir Camel Corps. The incorporation of this unit was of very great value in carrying out the protection of the Camel Transport train and did their work in the most efficient and intelligent manner. Also Corporal Smith showed much initiative and ability in anticipating a vantage point for the enemy which he occupied with his section with most excellent results.

7. Second Lieutenant Colghlan, Australian Engineers. For obtaining information of wells, bores, etc and for his demolition work.


Further Reading:

9th Light Horse Regiment, AIF

9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour 

The Jifjafa Raid, Sinai, April 10 to 14

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920


Citation: The Jifjafa Raid, Sinai, April 10 to 14, 1916, Scott Account

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Sunday, 29 November 2009 10:55 AM EAST

Newer | Latest | Older

Full Site Index

powered by FreeFind
Let us hear your story: You can tell your story, make a comment or ask for help on our forum.

Desert Column Forum

A note on copyright

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre is a not for profit and non profit group whose sole aim is to write the early history of the Australian Light Horse from 1900 - 1920. It is privately funded and the information is provided by the individuals within the group and while permission for the use of the material has been given for this site for these items by various donors, the residual and actual copyright for these items, should there be any, resides exclusively with the donors. The information on this site is freely available for private research use only and if used as such, should be appropriately acknowledged. To assist in this process, each item has a citation attached at the bottom for referencing purposes.

Please Note: No express or implied permission is given for commercial use of the information contained within this site.

A note to copyright holders

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre has made every endeavour to contact copyright holders of material digitised for this blog and website and where appropriate, permission is still being sought for these items. Where replies were not received, or where the copyright owner has not been able to be traced, or where the permission is still being sought, the Australian Light Horse Studies Centre has decided, in good faith, to proceed with digitisation and publication. Australian Light Horse Studies Centre would be happy to hear from copyright owners at any time to discuss usage of this item.


Australian Light Horse Studies Centre

eXTReMe Tracker