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"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre aims to present an accurate history as chroniclers of early Australian military developments from 1899 to 1920.

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Friday, 31 October 2008
The Battle of Beersheba, Palestine, 31 October 1917, Grant Account
Topic: AIF - 4B - 4 LHB

The Battle of Beersheba

Palestine, 31 October 1917

Grant Account


Brigadier General William Grant, General Officer Commanding the 4th Australian Light Horse Brigade post battle account about the fall of Beersheba 

The following is the account from the Commanding Officer of the 4th Light Horse Brigade, the unit that actually conducted the famous Charge of Beersheba.


Grant's account about the fall of Beersheba, p. 1.


APPENDIX 188 to 4th ALH Brigade War Diary, 2 November 1917:

Report on Operations (attack on BEERSHEBA) by 4th ALH Brigade, 31-10-17 by W. Grant, Brigadier-General, Commanding 4th LH Brigade

At 1600 on the 31/10/17 the A&NZ Mounted Division was operating to the East and North East of Beersheba, and was pushing back the enemy down the Wadi el Saba. This Division was operating dismounted but owing to the stiff opposition, the progress was slow and it appeared as if the town would not be taken from that direction before dark. It was essential that the place be taken quickly, as the horse, had not been watered since the previous day and had made a night march of over 30 miles.

At 1615 orders were received from the GOC Australian Mounted Division and also direct instructions from the Corps Commander, for the 4th ALH Brigade to attack direct on Beersheba moving on the left of the A&NZ Mounted Division, and to take the place before it was dark.

The Brigade was then in reserve in a valley, about 6 miles East of Beersheba, and the horses were being fed. It was realised by the Brigadier that he would have to act quickly, as only a little over an hour of daylight remained in which to carry out the operation. The Brigade was assembled in a valley about half a male South of Hill 1390, with the exception of the 11th LH Regiment which was on detached duty about 2 miles South west of that position.

Orders were sent to the 11th ALH Regiments to concentrate and follow the Brigade and the Brigade was ordered to saddle up and move when ready, under the Second in Command of Regiments- the senior to command. The Brigadier and the Brigade Major, accompanied by the COs 4th and 12th Regiments, galloped forward to reconnoitre a covered way of approach for the Brigade to the point of deployment, and for the direction of the attack. This was necessary, as the 3rd ALH Brigade had just previously been heavily shelled in attempting to cross exposed ground.

The Brigade started about 1630 and moved at the trot. Shortly afterwards two enemy planes passed over and dropped bombs and can return one flew low and machine gunned Brigade Headquarters personnel and Signal Troop, which was moving in rear of the Brigade. No material damage was done beyond one horse wounded, but it somewhat delayed the establishment of communications. The route taken was along the Wadi about a quarter mile South of W Road and the Brigade deployed where the road crossed the 1100 contour.

The 4th LH Regiment was ordered to advance on the sector from the left of A&NZ Mounted Division to W Road. The 12th ALH Regiment was ordered to advance on the left of the 4th LH Regiment. The two regiments were ordered to attack mounted, each in three successive lines of a Squadron each line. The files were at about 4 yards intervals and 300 yards distance between Squadrons. They were ordered to charge with drawn bayonets, held in the hand, as no swords were issued to those troops.

The 11th ALH Regiment was ordered to follow on in rear and act as a reserve.


Grant's account about the fall of Beersheba, p. 2.


One subsection of 4th Australian Machine Gun Squadron was sent with each of 4th and 12th ALH Regiments and the Machine Gun Squadron less one subsection was ordered to move down the Wadi, and co-operated with the reserve squadron of the 12th ALH Regiment, in protecting the rear of the line from attack by the enemy, who were seen in trenches on Hill 1180 (NE of Ras Ghannam). Both the 4th and 12th LH Regiments went forward at a gallop and took successive lines of trenches until reaching the Wadi at Beersheba. The left flank of the 12th Regiment came under heavy machine gun from trenches on Hill 1180. The Machine Gun Squadron immediately opened fire on this redoubt and the Brigadier ordered Major Harrison, OC, Notts Battery RHA, which had then come up to the point of deployment, to open fire on these trenches. It was then practically dark and impossible to take distances with the range finder, but Major Harrison opened fire and found the range with his second shot, and quickly drove the Turks off the ridge.

On it being reported that the trenches in front of the town had been taken, the 4th and 12th LH Regiments were ordered to push right through the town and capture as many prisoners as possible.

Nine field guns were captured; seven of these have been parked South of the Viaduct, and two which were drawn from their positions by the 11th Regiment, with a view to their being brought in later. Next morning these were found to have been removed by our infantry, it is understood by one of the London Regiments.

Four machine guns and tripods complete and one machine gun, with machine gun equipment, were brought in by the 4th ALH Brigade. Four field gun limbers containing shells have been brought in and three more are being brought in today, 2nd inst. In addition numerous vehicles, animals, stores and equipment have been, and are still being brought in.

The number of prisoners captured is 59 officers and 1090 other ranks.

The 11th ALH regiment which had arrived at the point of deployment after the battery had come into action was moved forward together with the Notts Battery and "A" Battery HAC to Beersheba.

On reaching that place the COs 4th and 12th Regiments reported that they had captured the place. The 11th Regiment was accordingly ordered to push through the town and hold it against any counter-attack from the North, West and South-west. This was carried out and the 11th Regiment captured about 400 prisoners who were retreating from the South-east.

The 4th and 12th Regiments were ordered to withdraw from their line and reorganise. When this was done the 4th LH Regiment took up an outpost line from the Wadi el Saba to the Mosque, and the 11th Regiment from the Mosque to the Khalasa Road, the 12th Regiment being held in reserve near the Railway Viaduct.

The two batteries were placed in position on the bank of the Wadi, South of the town, so as to co-operate in driving back and counter-attack by the Turks.
The Brigade remained disposed as above until relieved by the 5th Mounted Brigade and the Infantry the following morning.

All ranks behaved in a most admirable manner and fearlessly charged several successive trenches at the gallop, in many cases in the face of severe machine gun and rifle fire.

The rapidity of the attack seemed to demoralise the Turks as they mostly fired high, and it was afterwards found that the sights of their rifles were never lowered below 800 metres. The enemy artillery was also unable to estimate the pace, and the shells all went over the heads of the advancing troops.

From the location of the enemy's trenches as shown on the accompanying sketch it would appear that they were prepared for any advance down the Wadi Abu Sha'ai which would have offered a certain amount of cover while in the Wadi bed, but did not anticipate a mounted attack across the plain.


Grant's account about the fall of Beersheba, p. 3.


 If a dismounted attack had been made from the Wadi Abu Sha'ai it is certain that we would have suffered heavy casualties, as the trenches were very strong, and in the hands machine guns were placed to enfilade the Wadi bed.

On the 19th of April 1917 at the second battle of Gaza this Brigade made a long advance on foot, with two regiments (11th and 12th) and the Machine Gun Squadron and had 187 casualties without any satisfactory result being obtained. Here the casualties were 32 killed, and another 32 wounded, total 64, which is about one third of the number sustained in the second Gaza battle, and resulted in the capture of 59 Officers and 1090 Other Ranks, besides 10 Field Guns, 5 Machine Guns, and a large number of vehicles, stores and animals. In addition the enemy did not have time to destroy the water supply, which was the mast important factor in the situation.

The high percentage of killed to wounded was due to the hand-to-hand fighting against superior numbers at the trenches. The majority of the wounded fell before the trenches were reached.

Further Reading:

4th Light Horse Brigade, AIF

The Battle of Beersheba, Palestine, 31 October 1917

Australian and New Zealand Roll of Honour

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920


Citation: The Battle of Beersheba, Palestine, 31 October 1917, Grant Account

Posted by Project Leader at 4:30 PM EADT
Updated: Monday, 5 October 2009 4:24 PM EADT
Colonel Husnu, Yildirim, Page 116
Topic: Tk - Bks - Yildirim

Another entry from the book written by Lieutenant Colonel Hüseyin Hüsnü Emir, called Yildirim. Every day, one page of the book will be posted. This is Page 116.

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 116.

[Click on page for a larger print version.]


This chapter deals with Hüsnü observations and critiques on the Ottoman conduct of the capture of Beersheba, 31 October 1917.


Further Reading:

List of all other Battle of Beersheba accounts  on the blog

Full listing of all material about Beersheba on the blog


Citation: Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 116

Posted by Project Leader at 1:01 AM EADT
Updated: Thursday, 30 October 2008 8:55 AM EADT
Diaries of AIF Servicemen, Bert Schramm, 31 October 1918
Topic: Diary - Schramm

Diaries of AIF Servicemen

Bert Schramm

31 October 1918


Bert Schramm


2823 Private Herbert Leslie SCHRAMM, a 22 year old Farmer from Whites River, South Australia. He enlisted on 17 February 1916; and at the conclusion of the war Returned to Australia, 10 July 1919.

During part of the course of his military service with the AIF, Bert Schramm kept a diary of his life. Bert was not a man of letters so this diary was produced with great effort on his behalf. Bert made a promise to his sweetheart, Lucy Solley, that he would do so after he received the blank pocket notebook wherein these entries are found. As a Brigade Scout since September 1918, he took a lead part in the September Offensive by the Allied forces in Palestine. Bert's diary entries are placed alongside those of the 9th Light Horse Regiment to which he belonged and to the 3rd Light Horse Brigade to which the 9th LHR was attached. On this basis we can follow Bert in the context of his formation.


The Diaries

The complete diary is now available on the Australian Light Horse Studies Centre Site at:

Bert Schramm Diary

Finding more about a service person. See:

Navigating the National Archives Service File 



Bert Schramm's Handwritten Diary, 27 - 31 October 1918

[Click on page for a larger print version.]

Bert Schramm

Thursday, October 31, 1918

Bert Schramm's Location - Masie, Syria

Bert Schramm's Diary -  Left Nebk at 6 am and came on about nine miles to a village called Kara and watered. We are travelling all night tonight and expect to reach Homs early tomorrow morning, We have heard officially today that Turkey has been granted a five day armistice and hostilities ceased at noon today. I feel sure Turkey will get peace. Twelve months ago today we were fighting at Beersheba.

[See: The Battle of Beersheba.]


9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Masie, Syria

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - 0400 Reveilled and at 0545 moved off on final stage of trek.

Arrived Kara at 0830 where horses were watered and march resumed at 1015. Arrived at Masie 1550 where a halt was made to feed up.

Information was received that an Armistice had been completed with Turkey, hostilities ceasing at 1200 on 31 October 1918.

1700 Resumed march towards Homs for a distance of six miles then halted, off-saddled and fed.

2330 March was resumed.

9th LHR AIF War Diary, 31 October



Darley, TH, With the Ninth Light Horse in the Great War, Adelaide, Hassell Press, 1924.

No Entry



Previous:  Bert Schramm's Diary, 30 October 1918

Next:  Bert Schramm's Diary, 1 November 1918

Sources Used:

Bert Schramm's Diary

National Archives Service File.

Embarkation Roll, AWM8.

Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour

Nominal Roll, AWM133, Nominal Roll of Australian Imperial Force who left Australia for service abroad, 1914-1918 War.


War Diaries and Letters

All War Diaries and letters cited on this site should be read in conjunction with the Australian Light Horse Studies Centre, War Diaries and Letters, Site Transcription Policy which may be accessed at:

Australian Light Horse Studies Centre, War Diaries and Letters, Site Transcription Policy 


Further Reading:

Bert Schramm Diary

Bert Schramm Diary, Album

Bert Schramm's Photo Album

9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF

9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, War Diary, Day by Day Account

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920


Citation: Diaries of AIF Servicemen, Bert Schramm, 31 October 1918

Posted by Project Leader at 1:01 AM EADT
Updated: Friday, 10 June 2011 9:06 AM EADT
9th LHR AIF War Diary, 31 October
Topic: AIF - 3B - 9 LHR

9th LHR, AIF

9th Light Horse Regiment

War Diary, 31 October

Pro Gloria et Honore - For Glory and Honour

Regimental March -  Marching Through Georgia



The following entries are extracted and transcribed from the 9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, the originals of which are held by the Australian War Memorial. There are 366 entries on this site. Each day has entries as they occurred from 1914 to 1919. In addition to the 9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, when appropriate, entries from the 3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary and other regiments with the Brigade will also appear. Entries from the unit history, Darley, TH, With the Ninth Light Horse in the Great War, Adelaide, Hassell Press, 1924 will also appear from time to time. The aim is to give the broadest context to the story and allow the reader to follow the day to day activities of the regiment. If a relative happened to have served in the regiment during the Great War, then this provides a general framework in which the individual story may be told.


The Diary



Saturday, October 31, 1914

9th Light Horse Regiment Location -  Morphettville Race Course Camp and Broadmeadows Camp, Victoria. 

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Formation of Regiment occurring at Morphettville Race Course Camp, Adelaide, while "C" Squadron is formed at Broadmeadows Camp, Victoria. 

See: Broadmeadows 1909



Sunday, October 31, 1915

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Rhododendron Spur

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Daily State shows 18 Officers, 374 Other Ranks, total 392. Bayonet strength 262. The health of the camp is good.



Tuesday, October 31, 1916

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Bir Etmaler

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - A Squadron to Mahamadiyah for swimming. Each squadron to take it in turns daily. Party of Non Commissioned Officers and 37 Other Ranks for two days leave to Port Said via Mahamadiyah.



Wednesday, October 31, 1917

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - On the road to Iswaiwin.

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - From Asluj to Iswaiwin the roads were in a fair order. Nature of country hilly and very stony in places. Arrived in vicinity of Iswaiwin at 1000. Half an hour prior to reaching this point Ayliffe, Lieutenant SH; and, his troops were dispatched north west and Mueller, Lieutenant GLH; and, his troop were dispatched due north. Their orders were to locate the enemy and report enemy's dispositions. Within one and half hours Ayliffe, Lieutenant SH, reported enemy holding Ras Ghannam in strength. Mueller, Lieutenant GLH, pushed further north than was anticipated and was unable to return within time thereby failing to rejoin the Regiment until 1830.

At 1400 Brigade Headquarters and 9th Light Horse Regiment moved from Iswaiwin to support New Zealand Mounted Rifle Brigade in their attack on Tel el Saba. On moving towards Bir Salim Abu Irgeig the Brigade came under enemy shell barrage but reached their first halting place Bir Salim Abu Irgeig without casualties. By this time 1500 the battle of Beersheba was developing. Our right flank consisting of mounted troops kept closing in on Beersheba from the east and south. All along the right flank now presented a wonderful sight. Mounted troops and horse artillery everywhere galloping for positions. Our artillery bombardment of enemy positions was intense. At Bir Salim Abu Irgeig the Regiment saw Tel el Saba surrender to the New Zealanders.

At 1515 the Regiment received orders to move to the right of the New Zealand Mounted Rifle Brigade and take up position at 1060 5 of V in Butein. Daly, Major TJ went forward to get in touch with New Zealand Headquarters. Nature of country between Bir Salim Abu Irgeig and 1060 was open slightly undulating and broken by two small wadis. The Regiment moved across this country in line of troop columns [column of Squadrons each Squadron in line of troop columns] at a steady trot jinking here and there to evade the shrapnel which was being fired at fairly short range. A small gully just south of 1060 was reached without a casualty at 1530. The enemy shelled this gully for 11/2 hours but failed to cause a casualty.

At 1700 orders were received to move and occupy the line 1040 and 960 east of Beersheba. When nearing the Tel el Saba redoubt an enemy aeroplane flying at about 800 feet bombed C Troop of C Squadron killing Leahy, 2815 Trooper CM; Morrison, 2939 Trooper DJ; and, wounding severely Linacre, Lieutenant FJ; and, Williams, Captain H; and, wounding nine Other Ranks. 19 horses were killed and 6 wounded. Many casualties were also inflicted on New Zealanders and No 1 Sub - Section of 3rd Machine Gun Squadron who was close by. At this point we learned that Beersheba had fallen. Heavy explosions were heard which afterwards proved to be the blowing up of the Beersheba wells.

The Regiment watered in pools in Wadi Saba and took up and held an outpost line from 1040 to Tel el Saba which A and two troops of B Squadron held all night.

The distance from Khalasa to Iswaiwin is 32 miles and from Iswaiwin via Bir Salim Abu Irgeig - 1060 - Tel el Saba - 1040 is about nine miles. The horses and men stood this severe test splendidly. The last 8 miles owing to enemy artillery fire were particularly strenuous.

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary -

Shortly after 0530 our advanced troops gained touch with the Anzac Mounted Division in the vicinity of Iswaiwin. Here water in shallow pools was discovered and many of the horses were given a short drink, although time would not permit all horses being watered.

The Australian Mounted Division shortly afterwards concentrated. Final orders for the Division were to be received at the point of concentration. The Division would be called upon for either one or two tasks by the Desert Mounted Corps, whose double mission was,

[a]. To attack Beersheba, from the east, and envelope the enemy's left rear; and,
[b]. To seize as much water supply as possible in order to form a base for field operations.
The 20th Corps would cooperate with Desert Mounted Corps by attacking Beersheba defences from the west and south west. The capture of Beersheba being primary object of the army.

The Australian Mounted Division was to be prepared at Iswaiwin for a quick move either north westward on Beersheba or northwards to assist Anzac Mounted Division, who were moving to attack Tel el Saba.

From the rear of the Anzac Mounted Division, 8th Light Horse Regiment, under Maygar, Lieutenant Colonel LC, VC DSO, was detached at 0630 to take up the line 1280 - 1180 - 1210, and get signalling communication with 7th Mounted Brigade [operating on right of 20th Corps], on the left, and New Zealand Mounted Rifle Brigade [operating on the left of Anzac Mounted Division], on the right.

8th Light Horse Regiment was linked up with right and left by 1800. Enemy positions and works at Ras Ghannam were reconnoitred vigorously and discovered to be very strongly held.

After receipt of reports of the patrols, who had been reconnoitring enemy positions east south east, south and south west of Beersheba, during the morning, orders were received that the main attack would be launched against the enemy's position at Tel el Saba.

The Anzac Mounted Division were pushing the attack now on the right, and at 1400 the Brigade [less the 8th Light Horse Regiment] received orders to move to assist the Anzac Mounted Division at Tel el Saba, being temporarily attached to the Division for this purpose.

On moving across open country immediately towards Bir Salim Abu Irgeig, the Brigade came under heavy shell fire. The formation of the Brigade in this movement was Squadron column in line of troop column, with double interval and distance.

On the arrival of the Brigade at the point of deployment Bir Salim Abu Irgeig at 1500, the 9th Light Horse Regiment under Scott, Lieutenant Colonel WH, DSO was ordered into the attack on the right of the New Zealand Mounted Rifle Brigade, supported by the rest of the Brigade, less the 8th Light Horse Regiment. The 9th Light Horse Regiment moved forward across the open ground to the north of the main wadi where it came under intense enemy shelling, but suffered very few casualties. The movement was carried out with the Regiment in column of squadrons, each squadron in line of troop column, with 100 yards interval and distance between troops. The determination with which the movement was executed undoubtedly had a moral effect on the enemy which was now being closed in on. The balance of the Brigade moved in support along the bed of the main wadi.

The enemy's position at Tel el Saba was at 1530 captured with the garrison by the New Zealand Mounted Rifle Brigade before the 9th Light Horse Regiment dismounted for action.

The 10th Light Horse Regiment at 1630 was ordered to seize the positions 1020 and 970, and cut off any enemy retreat along the Beersheba - Hebron Road.

The 9th Light Horse Regiment was now ordered to move from 1080 to Tel el Saba, and take up a second line 1040 - 960, to cooperate with the 10th Light Horse Regiment holding the line 1020 - 970, in cutting off an enemy's retreat [from Beersheba towards] Hebron.

When nearing Tel el Saba the 9th Light Horse Regiment was bombed by two enemy aeroplanes flying at the extremely low altitudes of 800 feet, and suffered very heavy casualties in both men and horses. Including the sub - section Machine Gun Squadron attached to 9th Light Horse Regiment, casualties sustained were: - 13 other ranks killed, and three Officers and 17 other ranks wounded, 20 horses wounded and 32 horses killed.

The 8th Light Horse Regiment had received orders from Headquarters, Anzac Mounted Division to rejoin 3rd Light Horse Brigade Headquarters. When so doing they were also bombed by enemy aircraft flying at a very low altitude. The CO, Maygar, Lieutenant Colonel LC, VC DSO, was here mortally wounded, and died the following day.

At about 1900 news was received that Beersheba had been captured. The enemy had been taken by surprise; they had not expected a serious attack on this flank. Information of the movement in force of the mounted troops towards Asluj was not gained by the enemy. The enemy aeroplane which did detect the movement of troops to the south failed to return.

The 10th Light Horse Regiment was meeting strong opposition from an enemy rear guard, who advanced against one squadron and entrenched themselves in front of the 10th Light Horse Regiment position. The opening up of machine gun and rifle fire at about 2130 drove the enemy back. 10th Light Horse Regiment advanced troops had now entered Beersheba from the north east. All Regiments and the machine gun squadron of the Brigade had during the day taken part in the attack. The casualties in the Brigade incurred for the day's operations were: 13 killed and 33 wounded, with 36 horses wounded and 32 killed.

There were captured by the mounted troops nearly 2,000 prisoners, 14 guns and huge quantities of booty of all descriptions.

During the night the Brigade was continually sniped at from a ridge north of Beersheba. 25 prisoners, chiefly snipers, were taken by the 9th and 10th Light Horse Regiments during the night.

See: Beersheba



Thursday, October 31, 1918

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Masie

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - 0400 Reveilled and at 0545 moved off on final stage of trek. Arrived Kara at 0830 where horses were watered and march resumed at 1015. Arrived at Masie 1550 where a halt was made to feed up. Information was received that an Armistice had been completed with Turkey, hostilities ceasing at 1200 on 31 October 1918.

1700 Resumed march towards Homs for a distance of six miles then halted, off-saddled and fed.

2330 March was resumed.



Friday, October 31, 1918

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Adelaide

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Regiment disbanded.



Previous: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 30 October

Next: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 1 November



See: 9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Contents
Australian Light Horse Studies Centre, AIF War Diaries of the Great War, Site Transcription Policy


Further Reading:

9th Light Horse Regiment AIF

Bert Schramm Diary

9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour 

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920


Citation: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 31 October

Posted by Project Leader at 1:01 AM EADT
Updated: Thursday, 16 September 2010 10:49 PM EADT
The Battle of Beersheba, Palestine, 31 October 1917, 4th LHR, AIF, Charge at Beersheeba
Topic: AIF - 4B - 4 LHR

The Battle of Beersheba

Palestine, 31 October 1917

4th LHR, AIF, Charge at Beersheeba


4th Light Horse Regiment men who charged at Beersheba

The following list comprises the men from the 4th Light Horse Regiment who were possibly at Beersheba on 31 October 1917 and may have been available to have taken part in the famous Charge at Beersheba.

The problems

The reason for the uncertainty, except for those wounded or killed in action arises from the situation that no roll was ever taken of the men who did charge. The historian is then left to search through the individual service records to ascertain if the man was likely to have been at Beersheba on the appropriate date. The exercise required examining many hundreds of records from potential candidates and narrowing down to the likely candidates whose files show no reason not to be at Beersheba.

The absence of a reason in itself does not mean that the person actually charged. A person may have reported sick in the morning and spent a couple days at the Field Ambulance. If the stay at the Field Ambulance was less than 14 days, generally it would not be recorded on the service record unless it was a reportable illness. Thus, the absence of a reaqson not to be at Beersheba is not evidence that a person was at Beersheba but it is more than likely that the person was at Beersheba.

The List

The following list was researched and constructed by Steve Becker and is reproduced with his permission.


4th Light Horse Regiment

Regimental Headquarters

Leslie Albert AUSTIN

Murray William James BOURCHIER

John Albert CASHMORE


Arthur John COX

Joshua Joseph Talbot DIAL

Kenneth Watson FULLER

Frederick GILL

John Barstow KELLEHER

Harry Clifford Arlington McCANN

Ephraim Edward McHUGH

Edward MOORE

Norman Gordon RAE

George James RANKIN

William Cable SCOTT

Charles SELL

Frederick Osmond SMITH

Walter Errold SYDENHAM


David Stanley WALKER

Harold Howard WALLACE

Henry Thomas WALTER

George WHYTE

Alexander WILSON.


A Squadron

Walter Frank ASHTON

Alexander BACKMAN


Clarence Roy BEAL

Harold Thomas BELL

George Edison BINGHAM


Vincent Francis BLACK


Basil James BOOTH


William Herman BRIX

Alfred Leslie BRUCE

Sidney BURKE

John Frederick BURLEY

Francis BURNS


Francis James BURTON

Michael BYRNE

Archibald Hugh CAMERON

John William CANTWELL

Montague CARR


Edward Randolph CLEAVER

Vincent Sinclair CONNOLLY


Aloysius James COTTER

John Edward CUMMINGS

William Thomas DAVIES


Ernest William DONALD


James Thomas FRANCIS

George Walter FRENCH


Leslie Stuart GEDDES

Angus John GILLIES



Robert William GOODEAR


Robert John GRAY

William Henderson HALLIDAY

Charles Vivian HARDIE

Hubert Leslie HARRIS

Edward Todd HARRISON

Alfred Ernest HEALEY

Thomas Eugene HEALY

Nelson Joseph HEMMONS


James Daniel HICKEY

William Jacob HINDHAUGH

Francis George HOLTON

Robert Leslie HOPE



James Thomas HYDER

Andrew James JACKSON

William Claude JENNER

Ernest William JOHNSON

Lauriston James JOHNSON



William Edward KERRIGAN

Allan Edward KIMBERLEY

Walter Rodney KINGHORN


John Francis LATTA


Reuben LEE

Edward Lawrence LEEHANE

Stephen Edward LOUGHNAN

John Charles Gordon LYON

Stuart Lothian MacDONALD

Joseph Edward MANNION

Reginald George Prior MARKWELL


John Alexander MATHESON


John Hamilton McARTHUR

James Dawson McDONALD

John Coll McDONALD

Malcolm Donald McDONALD

Francis Edmund McGRATH

Joseph James McGRATH

Thomas Francis McKEOGH

William Fraser McKERROW

James Alexander McLEAN


Patrick McNAMARA

John Joseph McNIFF


Benjamin Peter George MEREDITH

Edward MINNS

Sydney Newman MITCHELL


Charles Victor Clyde MORLEY

Robert Herbert MORLEY

Walter George MORRISON

Alfred Wilson MORTON


George Alexander MURDOCH


Charles Reginald MURRAY

Thomas Forrester MURRAY

Francis Bernard NEEDHAM

Thomas James NESBITT

Arthur Ignatius NUGENT

John William O'KEEFE

Frank David ORGAN

Dennis Francis O'ROURKE

Alfred PAGE

Clifford Francis PAGET


John Bernard PAYTE

Thomas Walter PEARCE

Stanley George PERRETT


George Frederick PUNTON




Frederick Dawson ROBINSON

Edward RODDY

James Cue RYAN

John Edward SAYERS

Edward Clarendon SEAGER

Albert Edward SHAW

Richard Bradshaw SLATER

George Benjamin SMYTH


George Leonard STEPNELL

Reginald John SWAIN


Frank Stanley Archer TAGGART

Noble Johnson TANNER

Frank Lindsay TAYLOR

James Robert TAYLOR

William Leonard THOMAS

Frederick Gladman TILLEY

William TODD

Edward George TOMKINS

Arthur Randolph TRIMNELL

Richard William Leslie URAND

Charles Edward WALSH

James Arthur WALTERS

Albert Stanley WALTON

William Charles WATKINS

Clifford Knapsey WHEELINS

Francis John WHITE

Harold Thomas WICKHAM

Charles David WILKINSON

Donald Matthew WILLIAMS

Walter James WILLIAMS



Charles Percy WITHERS


Stanley George WOODS

Arthur Thomas WOOLLARD

Frank WYND.


B Squadron



Arthur Easton BOND

Robert George BRUTON



Percy William Burnett CLARK

Arthur Thomas CLARKE

Spencer Osborne CLARKE

James Ignatius CONNOR

Ernest Edward CORK

Allan Gladstone CORRIE

Ernest Henry Thomas CROSS

Gilbert DELLAR

Walter Leslie DENNIS

Charles Herbert DUSTING

Charles Albert FECHNER

Albert William FROST

John Joel Allan GALE

John Percy Lemon GAYLARD



Joseph Patrick HEHIR

Arthur Edward HENRY

William Bernard HEPPNER


Kenneth Charles HUDSON

Bertie Allan LANGTIP

Ernest Walter LANGTIP


Leslie Oliver LANGTIP

James Edward LEVER

Albert Charles LEWIS

Robert Andrew McCANN

Duncan Campbell McDOUGALL

Duncan McKAY

William Daniel McNAB

Roland Leonard McNEE

Thomas Rainsford MILLS

William MOORE

Herbert George MORGAN

Francis Patrick MORONEY


Lewis Peter NELSON

Douglas James NEWMAN

Thomas Stephen O'BRIEN


Albert David REID


Oscar Ernest ROZYNSKI


Leslie Ernest SCOTT

William Royal SELKIRK

Leslie Thomas SMITH

George Shaw STEWART

William John STEWART

William Patrick SWEENEY

Sydney Thomas THOMPSON

Lawrence Edward THORPE

John Laidlow TODD

William John WOODS.


C Squadron

William James ALLAN


Robert BANKS

Arthur Wilson BEATTY

Sydney John BENEY

Albany Roy BENTLEY



Lawrence Joseph BOLAND

Arthur Victor BOND

John Bruce BREESE

Jack Vincent BRODIE

Edward John BURKE



Wallace Hugh CHALMERS

Hilbert Kebbel Trenwith CHANCELLOR


Ralph Robert CLARK


Carl Raymond COGGER

Charles Henry CONNELL

Herbert Stephen CONNOR

James Edward COOPER

Hugh Frances CREGAN


Thomas Anthony DARCY

Jason Henry DAVIES

Albert Charles DIBB

William John DIBBS

Lachlan James DOWNEY

Thomas John Francis DOWNEY


Alexander Raymond DOYLE

Joseph James DRANE

James George DUNLOP

Bruce West DURANT

Hugh Robert ELLIOTT

Andrew James ERICKSON

Louis Conrad EZZY

Thomas Smart FAIRBAIRN

Wallace Stanley FINDLAY

Laurie FORD


Henry Augustus FROMHOLD

Edward Augustus GALE


Alexander Thomas GRAINGER

Robert William GREGSON

John Thomas Rowe GRENFELL


Henry James HALL

Keith Booth HALLORAN


George Connolly HAZLETT

Charles William HEYWOOD

Ernest George HILL

Charles Frederick HUGGINS



Clarence Andrew KENSLEY

David KENT

Edmund Edward KEOGH

William Henry KIFT

Ernest Henry KOPKE

Frederick LAWRY

William LENNON

Horace Samuel LONG

Percy Wilfred LOOMES

John Alexander MacKINTOSH

Ashley Vernon McCANN

William Alexander McCAREY

John Thomas McCARTNEY

Harold Robert McINNES

Alexander McINTYRE

James Alexander Peter McINTYRE

William Allan McKECHNIE

John Flemming McKEE

William McKENZIE

William Samuel Alexander McKENZIE

John James McPHERSON

Sydney MILLS

Edward Herbert Hector MISSEN

Henry Alexander MOODIE

James Alfoncis MOODIE

John Thomas MOODIE

Donald Richard MORGAN


Arthur Bowden MUSGROVE

Ernest Henry NETHERBY

Albert Henry NEWELL

Ronald William NICHOLAS


John Gladstone O'DONNELL

James William OFFORD


Frank Hardy PHILLIPS

Roland Valentine PRICE

Phillip QUINN

Thomas QUINN


Paston Hubert REDE

William Alfred REID

Rupert RICE

George Cecil RICHARDS

Joseph RILEN

Herbert Charles ROBERTSON


Thomas McKnight ROBERTSON

Andrew George ROSS

David ROSS

John Francis RYAN

Michael Augustus RYAN

Clarence Mitchell SARGEANT

Harold John SAUNDERS

Frederick Beecher SCOTT

William George SINCLAIR

George SMITH

John Russell SPEECHLEY


Charles Ernest SPONG

Henry James STEEL



Richard Frederick SWANELL

Herbert James TEATHER

Leslie Peter TEITZEL



Hugh Alexander WALES

Edward George WALKEDEN

William Albert WATKINS

Oswald WATT

Walter William WEBSTER

Frederick Hargrave WHITE


Lesley Alexander WILKIE

Samuel James WILLIAMS

William Wallace WILSON

Stephen WRIGHT.


Squadron Unknown


Ernest Charles ALTMANN

William Walter ASH

Charles James Henry BARRY

Albert James BARTER

Kenneth Maie BATTERSBY

Thomas John BENNETTS


Reginald Francis BROWNE

Thomas Charles BUNSTON

Alexander Morton CALDWELL

Hugh Robert CAMPBELL

Henry Percival COAD

Joseph Eyra COOK

Francis CURTIN

Walter Edwin DALLIMORE


Frank Thomas DAVIES

Horace James Stephens DUFF


Wallace Edward Vance ELLIS


Charles Ernest FARNAN

Michael John FARQUER

John Thomas FISHER

Leslie Robert GALLARD

Thomas D'arcy GALLOP

Colin Campbell GORDON

Rupert Francis GOW

James Vincent GRANT

William John GRIGG

Leonard William HANCOCK

Alexander Christian HANSEN

Edward Phillip HARRINGTON

James William HEATON

James Alexander HENDERSON

Leslie George HERTEL

John Campbell HUNTER

Daniel William HUSSEY

Jubo Werner JOKINEN

David Lewis JONES

William JONES

Alexander LAMB

George LANG

Donald Manson LINTON

Chrisopher Patrick MAHONY

William Brockley McCLURE

Colin Richard McLEAN

John William McLEAN


Hugh Francis MISKIN

Alan Arthur MOODIE

James Joseph MOORE


Thomas Matthew MOYES

Thomas James NOONAN

Griffith Henry OWEN

William Ernest PENNINGTON

Herbert Albert Alan PHILLIPS


John Daniel REIDY

Henry George RICHARDS

George James Samuel RILETT

Rowland George ROBERTS

Robert James ROBERTSON

Thomas George ROSE


Charles Alexander SCHIMMELBUSCH

Gavin William Reginald SCOTT

Albert James Parker SIDLOW



John William STUBBS

Percival Hubert TISELL

Thomas WARD

John Robert WILLS




Those whom are believed to have charged at Beersheba, 31 October 1917: 

The Battle of Beersheba, Palestine, 31 October 1917, 4th LH Bde, AIF, Charge at Beersheeba

The Battle of Beersheba, Palestine, 31 October 1917, 4th LHR, AIF, Charge at Beersheeba 

The Battle of Beersheba, Palestine, 31 October 1917, 12th LHR, AIF, Charge at Beersheeba


Acknowledgement: Many thanks to Steve Becker who provided much of the raw material for this entry.


Further Reading:

4th Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF

4th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour  

The Battle of Beersheba, Palestine, 31 October 1917

Australian and New Zealand Roll of Honour

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

Citation: The Battle of Beersheba, Palestine, 31 October 1917, 4th LHR, AIF, Charge at Beersheeba

Posted by Project Leader at 1:01 AM EADT
Updated: Wednesday, 23 December 2009 9:52 PM EAST

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