"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess
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Tuesday, 9 March 2010
Australian Army Service Corps (AASC), Outline Topic: AIF - AASC
Australian Army Service Corps
Army Service Corps.
The corps, which by the very nature of its work, is one of the most important units in the Commonwealth, was formed in New South Wales 1891 by the transfer of a half-dozen or so men from the 1st Regiment, now the 1st Australian Infantry Regiment. With its small personnel at that time the duties devolving on the corps were extremely arduous, and, in fact, they covered far more branches of work than could at the present time be legitimately included in its scope. But its usefulness was quickly recognised by the authorities, and within a few years of its establishment it was placed on a far more satisfactory footing.
The Battle of Anzac Cove, Gallipoli, 25 April 1915, 4th Infantry Battalion War Diary Topic: BatzG - Anzac
The Battle of Anzac Cove
Gallipoli, 25 April 1915
4th Infantry Battalion War Diary
War Diary account of the 4th Infantry Battalion , AIF.
The following is a transcription of the War Diary of the 4th Infantry Battalion , AIF, of their role in the landings at Anzac on 25 April 1915.
24 April 1915
Left Mudros Harbour 12 noon, arrived anchorage north east side of Island, 7.0 pm.
25 April 1915
Arrived at point about one mile north of Kaba Tepe. First shot fired from shore 4.50 am. First tow left Lake Michigan 6.45 am containing Beach Party, 1st Infantry Brigade Headquarters, Battalion Headquarters and Brigade Signal Section.
1.5 pm - Landing of 4th Battalion complete.
4.55 pm - Received orders. Prepare to move to support 8th Battalion on right of position.
6.45 pm - Took up position and extended line 224 R4 and north east corner of 224-R (Reference Map of Gallipoli, Sheet 2). Pressed hard most of night but held on. All companies in firing line and support and none in reserve. Approximately 60 casualties.
Weather - Calm clear day admirably suited for disembarkation. Sea chop calm.
26 April 1915
Battalion temporarily attached to 2nd Infantry Brigade.
Day spent in improving fire trenches also supporting trenches and communication trenches. Snipers very troublesome all day.
Good supplies of ammunition and water brought up during day.
4.30 pm - Got word for general advance evidently in error. Turks cleared from line of trenches in front, after which no orders as to movements could be obtained. Advance moving to left approximately one mile. Shrapnel fire opened on us, we were compelled to retire. Advance re-commenced but were mostly repulsed. A mixed party of approximately 200 men became isolated under Lieutenant Colonel Onslow Thompson at 7.0 pm. They were compelled to retire under heavy fire. Lieutenant Colonel Onslow Thompson was shot dead during retirement. Battalion eventually occupied its original position. Casualties estimated at approximately 150. Lieutenant MB Smith, Signalling Officer killed. His conduct was conspicuous having been wounded in the knee and left to return to trenches, he collected a number of men and almost succeeded in capturing a machine gun when he was killed by a sniper.
The following Officers were wounded severely. Major CS Macnaghten, Captain S Wilson. Seriously wounded Lieutenants PFV Turner and RJF Seldon.
Trenches kept under continuous fire from snipers the whole night. Defences assisted by Artillery on extreme right and HMS Bacchante, the latter illuminated the enemy's position by searchlight and gave considerable assistance with their guns.
The Battle of Poplar Grove, South Africa, 7 March 1900, Outline Topic: BatzB - Poplar Grove
The Battle of Poplar Grove
South Africa, 7 March 1900
Poplar Grove, a minor action of the Second South African War, fought on 7 March 1900 during the British advance on Bloomfontein following the capture of Cronje's force of Boers at Paardeberg (q.v.) a week earlier. In an effort to delay the progress of Field Marshal Lord Roberts' large army, 7,000 burghers under General Christiaan De Wet prepared to make a stand on ridges near a drift (ford) over the Modder River some 90 kilometres west-north-west of the Orange Free State capital. Although occupying strong ground on both sides of the river, the enemy were dispirited by their recent defeat. By 7.30 a.m., and before the British artillery could be brought into action, the Boers began abandoning their positions. They had seen Lieut.-General Sir John French's cavalry division embarking on a wide flanking movement to their left and panicked at the idea of being cut off.
During the battle the New South Wales Mounted Rifles and Queensland Mounted Infantry were attached to the 14th Infantry Brigade, which was assigned the role of harassing the enemy on the south bank of the river and diverting attention from the main attack being delivered by French. Although the British infantry was soon in possession of the enemy's prepared trenches, some of which would have proved almost impregnable if defended, the cavalry's flanking move had been too slow to catch the better-mounted Boers. Losses on the British side amounted to no more than 50 casualties, including five men killed. De Wet's forces remained intact to mount a renewed defensive effort.
Extracted from the book produced by Chris Coulthard-Clark, Where Australians Fought - The Encyclopaedia of Australia's Battles, Allen and Unwin, Sydney, 1998, p. 70.
Additional References cited by Chris Coulthard-Clark:
R.L. Wallace (1976) The Australians at the Boer War, Canberra: Australian War Memorial & Australian Government Publishing Service.
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