Topic: AIF - 5B - 14 LHR
14th LHR, AIF
14th Australian Light Horse Regiment
The 14th Light Horse Regiment was formed as part of the 5th Australian Light Horse Brigade attached to the Australian Mounted Division on 26 July 1918. This Regiment was formed predominantly from the members of the 1st Battalion, Imperial Camel Corps. This reconstitution of the 14th Light Horse Regiment came from different fundamental roots than the First 14th Australian Light Horse Regiment which was specifically 3rd Divisional Cavalry and subsequently disbanded in September 1916.
In addition to the three active squadrons in Palestine, in Egypt there was the 14th Light Horse Training Squadron which was formed in July 1918. It supplied reinforcements for the 14th Light Horse Regiment.
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Initially, the only colour separation of the various Australian mounted troops was by use of the pennant. The marker pennants were carried on poles to mark lines troop lines in camps in Egypt. They were not lance pennants as the Australian lancers had red over white pennants on their lances.
While this pennant was useful in distinguishing horse and troop lines, it failed to identify the individual with a unit. The AIF 1st Australian Division Standing Orders issued in December 1914 ordered the Australian Light Horse Regiments to wear a 4 inch wide [10.2cm] blue armband with the regiment name marked on the band in black lettering.
The earlier systems proved to be ineffective so to assist with identification of the men in the various units within the AIF, Divisional Order No 81 (A) Administration was issued at Mena on 8 March 1915 detailing the Colour Patchs for the various units. Generally, the colour patch was made of cloth 1¼ inches wide and 2¾ inches long and worn on the sleeve one inch below the shoulder seam.
The 14th Light Horse Regiment as part of the 5th Australian Light Horse Brigade, Australian Mounted Division, carried the Imperial Camel Corps triangle patch with the red Brigade colour as the lower triangle part of the colour patch, while the light blue Regimental colour was on the top. This is illustrated with the above presentation.
In a move that converted the Light Horse into full cavalry, the Australian Mounted Division was issued with swords during August and early September 1918. The Australian Mounted Division went to work training with swords and undertaking cavalry work.
On 19 September 1918 the Battle of Megiddo began. The infantry over ran the Turkish defensive trenches allowing the cavalry to debouch into the Turkish hinterland. The 14th Light Horse Regiment participated in the breakthrough which moved rapidly through the north of Palestine. At the end of the first week, it was obvious that the way to Damascus was open and so a second push occurred on the heels of the first assault. On 1 October 1918, Damascus was taken.
After a rest in Damascus, the 14th Light Horse Regiment moved towards Homs when the Turks surrendered on 30 October 1918.
Return to Australia
[From: AWM J06027]
After the conclusion of hostilities, the 14th Light Horse Regiment was marked to return to Australia. Prior to that action, one of the saddest actions occurred for the Australian Lighthorsemen, they had to farewell their best friends, the horses. All the Light Horse unit horses' health was ascertained with the fit horses being transferred to the Indian Cavalry while those in poor condition were destroyed by the Veterinary units.
On 13 March 1919 the 14th Light Horse Regiment was deployed to assist in suppressing the Egyptian Uprising. When the revolt collapsed, the 14th Light Horse Regiment embarked on the 24 July 1919 for the long voyage to Australia where the unit was disbanded.
Lieutenant Colonel George Furner Langley
Lieutenant Colonel Aubrey Sydney Nobbs
Lieutenant Colonel Herbert Reginald Denson
Decorations earned by the 14th Light Horse Regiment
- 3 DSO - Distinguished Service Orders
- 5 MC - Military Crosses
- 2 DCM - Distinguished Conduct Medals
- 11 MM- Military Medals
- 13 MID - Mentioned in Despatches
- 1 foreign award
CampaignsAs the successor of the 1st Camel Battalion, Imperial Camel Corps, the 14th Light Horse Regiment also inherited the battle honours.
- Defence of Egypt
- First Battle of Gaza
- Second Battle of Gaza
- Third Battle of Gaza
- El Mughar
- Nebi Samwill
- Es Salt
- Palestine 1917-1918
Casualties suffered by the 14th Light Horse Regiment
- 8 killed
The Australian War Memorial has put these on line and may be accessed here:
The following list details all the embarkations in support of the 14th Light Horse Regiment, AIF, during the Great War. Each entry details to formation and the ships on which the units embarked with the date and place of embarkation. The detail of the formation is linked to a list of men who embarked upon that ship on the specific date.
|33rd Reinforcements|| |
Sydney, New South Wales on board SS Canberra 16 November 1917
|34th Reinforcements|| |
Sydney, New South Wales on board HMAT A38 Ulysses 19 December 1917
Note: Since the 14th Light Horse Regiment had been disbanded in Britain during September 1916, the Reinforcement cohorts were absorbed directly into the 12th Light Horse Regiment.
See: Troop transport ships for information and photographs about the various ships employed in transporting the troops to Egypt.
Citation: The Second 14th Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF, Outline