"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess
The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre aims to present an accurate history as chroniclers of early Australian military developments from 1899 to 1920.
The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre site holds over 12,000 entries and is growing daily.
In preparation for the October 1917 breakout of the Sinai Peninsular, various water sources needed to be developed in direct response to the numbers of men and horses that needed to pass this point for deployment at Beersheba.
Bedouin watering their camels after the Light Horse have just passed through this well at Khalasa.
[Click on picture for larger version.]
Khalasa, laying south west of Beersheba and connected to Beersheba by road, was a deserted area with only a well. In previous times it was a fortress serving many masters. Ruins indicate centuries of occupation as a sentinel against invasions from the south and west. With the coming of the Allied forces, the well began to provide much needed water to the local residents, the long term consequence of the war. So while the effort expended was only to provide the Allies with a few days of water, it altered the social fabric and economy of the Bedouin for decades.
The following entries are extracted and transcribed from the 9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, the originals of which are held by the Australian War Memorial. There are 366 entries on this site. Each day has entries as they occurred from 1914 to 1919. In addition to the 9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, when appropriate, entries from the 3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary and other regiments with the Brigade will also appear. Entries from the unit history, Darley, TH, With the Ninth Light Horse in the Great War, Adelaide, Hassell Press, 1924 will also appear from time to time. The aim is to give the broadest context to the story and allow the reader to follow the day to day activities of the regiment. If a relative happened to have served in the regiment during the Great War, then this provides a general framework in which the individual story may be told.
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Routine work.
Training consisting of Rifle exercises and musketry and mounted work.
Patrols and outposts carried on as in previous week.
Monday, July 9, 1917
9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Abasan el Kebir
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Williams, Lieutenant H, transferred to “C” Squadron to carry out duties of Second in Command in place of Nelson, Captain AH, who is at the Imperial School of Instruction, Zeitoun.
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Kildea, Lieutenant FJ; and, two Other Ranks marched in.
0900 Regiment played and beat 3rd Light Horse Field Ambulance at cricket.
1930 Concert by 1st Squadron, Australian Flying Corps.
Wednesday, July 9, 1919
9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Moascar
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - 0715 Blankets and bivvy sheets handed in.
1000, three Officers and 25 Other ranks advance party for ship entrained for Port Said. Party includes: Parsons, Major HM, DSO, Officer in Command troops; Darley, Major TH, Ship's Quarter Master; McNamara, Lieutenant, Senior Educational Officer [for ship]; and, one Non Commissioned Officer from each troop and Headquarters carrying rolls for their troops and will guide them to their places on the ship.
Brinkworth, Major TA, assumed command of the Regiment.
Diaries of AIF Servicemen, Bert Schramm, 9 July 1918 Topic: Diary - Schramm
Diaries of AIF Servicemen
9 July 1918
2823 Private Herbert Leslie SCHRAMM, a 22 year old Farmer from Whites River, South Australia. He enlisted on 17 February 1916; and at the conclusion of the war Returned to Australia, 10 July 1919.
During part of the course of his military service with the AIF, Bert Schramm kept a diary of his life. Bert was not a man of letters so this diary was produced with great effort on his behalf. Bert made a promise to his sweetheart, Lucy Solley, that he would do so after he received the blank pocket notebook wherein these entries are found. As a Brigade Scout since September 1918, he took a lead part in the September Offensive by the Allied forces in Palestine. Bert's diary entries are placed alongside those of the 9th Light Horse Regiment to which he belonged and to the 3rd Light Horse Brigade to which the 9th LHR was attached. On this basis we can follow Bert in the context of his formation.
The complete diary is now available on the Australian Light Horse Studies Centre Site at:
Nominal Roll, AWM133, Nominal Roll of Australian Imperial Force who left Australia for service abroad, 1914-1918 War.
War Diaries and Letters
All War Diaries and letters cited on this site should be read in conjunction with the Australian Light Horse Studies Centre, War Diaries and Letters, Site Transcription Policy which may be accessed at:
Turkish trenches at Makhadet Hajlah ford by the Jordan River Topic: BatzJ - Es Salt
During the Amman Raid of late March, early April 1918, when the British 60th Infantry Division concentrated in the Wadi Nueiameh north of Jericho, the Turks reinforced their defences on the east bank of the Jordan River near the El Ghoriniye Bridge. [Later, the El Ghoriniye Bridge was renamed as the Allenby Bridge.] The Turks deployed some 600 infantry, and also sent two squadrons of cavalry to the support of this force at the Makhadet Hajlah ford about 10km south of the bridge. The picture below details those Turkish trenches at Makhadet Hajlah ford by the Jordan River.
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