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"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre aims to present an accurate history as chroniclers of early Australian military developments from 1899 to 1920.

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre site holds over 12,000 entries and is growing daily.

Contact: Australian Light Horse Studies Centre

Let us hear your story: You can tell your story, make a comment or ask for help on our Australian Light Horse Studies Centre Forum called:

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WARNING: This site contains: names, information and images of deceased people; and, language which may be considered inappropriate today.

Monday, 7 July 2008
Diaries of AIF Servicemen, Bert Schramm, 7 July 1918
Topic: Diary - Schramm

Diaries of AIF Servicemen

Bert Schramm

7 July 1918

 

Bert Schramm

 

2823 Private Herbert Leslie SCHRAMM, a 22 year old Farmer from Whites River, South Australia. He enlisted on 17 February 1916; and at the conclusion of the war Returned to Australia, 10 July 1919.

During part of the course of his military service with the AIF, Bert Schramm kept a diary of his life. Bert was not a man of letters so this diary was produced with great effort on his behalf. Bert made a promise to his sweetheart, Lucy Solley, that he would do so after he received the blank pocket notebook wherein these entries are found. As a Brigade Scout since September 1918, he took a lead part in the September Offensive by the Allied forces in Palestine. Bert's diary entries are placed alongside those of the 9th Light Horse Regiment to which he belonged and to the 3rd Light Horse Brigade to which the 9th LHR was attached. On this basis we can follow Bert in the context of his formation.

 

The Diaries

The complete diary is now available on the Australian Light Horse Studies Centre Site at:

Bert Schramm Diary


Finding more about a service person. See:

Navigating the National Archives Service File 

 

Bert Schramm's Handwritten Diary, 7 - 12 July 1918

[Click on page for a larger print version.]


Bert Schramm

Sunday, July 7, 1918

Bert Schramm's Location - Solomon's Pools, Bethlehem, Palestine.

Bert Schramm's Diary - Went into Bethlehem this afternoon and had another look around. No mails have arrived yet.

 

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Solomon's Pools, Bethlehem, Palestine.

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - 0900 Scott, Lieutenant Colonel WH, left on tour of inspection of Imperial Schools of Instruction, Egypt.

1500 Two Officers and 36 Other Ranks proceeded to special service in German Church, Bethlehem.

Parsons, Major HM, assumed command of the Regiment. Move order issued.

9th LHR AIF War Diary, 7 July

 

Darley

Darley, TH, With the Ninth Light Horse in the Great War, Adelaide, Hassell Press, 1924.

No Entry

 

 

Previous: Bert Schramm's Diary, 6 July 1918

Next: Bert Schramm's Diary, 8 July 1918


Sources Used:

Bert Schramm's Diary

National Archives Service File.

Embarkation Roll, AWM8.

Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour

Nominal Roll, AWM133, Nominal Roll of Australian Imperial Force who left Australia for service abroad, 1914-1918 War.

 

War Diaries and Letters

All War Diaries and letters cited on this site should be read in conjunction with the Australian Light Horse Studies Centre, War Diaries and Letters, Site Transcription Policy which may be accessed at:

Australian Light Horse Studies Centre, War Diaries and Letters, Site Transcription Policy 

 

Further Reading:

Bert Schramm Diary

Bert Schramm Diary, Album

Bert Schramm's Photo Album

9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF

9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, War Diary, Day by Day Account

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: Diaries of AIF Servicemen, Bert Schramm, 7 July 1918


Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Wednesday, 1 June 2011 6:55 PM EADT
9th LHR AIF War Diary, July 7
Topic: AIF - 3B - 9 LHR

9th LHR, AIF

9th Light Horse Regiment

War Diary, 7 July

Pro Gloria et Honore - For Glory and Honour

Regimental March -  Marching Through Georgia

 

 

The following entries are extracted and transcribed from the 9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, the originals of which are held by the Australian War Memorial. There are 366 entries on this site. Each day has entries as they occurred from 1914 to 1919. In addition to the 9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, when appropriate, entries from the 3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary and other regiments with the Brigade will also appear. Entries from the unit history, Darley, TH, With the Ninth Light Horse in the Great War, Adelaide, Hassell Press, 1924 will also appear from time to time. The aim is to give the broadest context to the story and allow the reader to follow the day to day activities of the regiment. If a relative happened to have served in the regiment during the Great War, then this provides a general framework in which the individual story may be told.

 

The Diary

 

1914

Tuesday, July 7, 1914

See 4th Military District, South Australia for militia activities.

 

1915

Wednesday, July 7, 1915

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Reserve Gully

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - No Entry.

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary - Visited No 2 Post with Brigadier [Colonel Smyth].

General Godley Road to be widened to permit guns to be taken to this flank.

Visited Colonel Hughes on "Gascon" Hospital Ship - conferred on several Brigade matters.

Wrote to Australia and New Zealand division asking for cable to be sent for Lieutenant Thorne as soon as possible. He has replaced 8th Light Horse Regiment Crowl killed.

Back to $$ at 0300 inspected trenches.

Casualties: Shrapnel in trenches.

Canterbury Mounted Rifles, two wounded.

Auckland Mounted Rifles, two wounded.

Strength in trenches:

Canterbury Mounted Rifles, 403;

Auckland Mounted Rifles, 470; and

Total 873.

Carew Reynell Diary   - No Entry.

 

1916

Friday, July 7, 1916

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Roadhead Serapeum.

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Routine work.

Training consisting of Rifle exercises and musketry and mounted work.

Patrols and outposts carried on as in previous week

 

 

1917

Saturday, July 7, 1917

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Abasan el Kebir

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - The Regiment undertook routine work for the day.

Scott, Lieutenant Colonel WH, DSO, having returned from hospital resumes command of the Regiment, Daly, Major TJ, resuming duties as second in command and Parsons, Major HM, returning to “A” Squadron.

 

1918

Sunday, July 7, 1918

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Solomon's Pools

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - 0900 Scott, Lieutenant Colonel WH, left on tour of inspection of Imperial Schools of Instruction, Egypt.

1500 Two Officers and 36 Other Ranks proceeded to special service in German Church, Bethlehem.

Parsons, Major HM, assumed command of the Regiment. Move order issued.

 

 

1919

Monday, July 7, 1919

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Moascar

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - AIF Form Personal Form B completed - one per man.

 


Previous: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 6 July

Next: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 8 July

 

Sources:

See: 9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Contents
Australian Light Horse Studies Centre, AIF War Diaries of the Great War, Site Transcription Policy

 

Further Reading:

9th Light Horse Regiment AIF

Bert Schramm Diary

9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour 

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 7 July

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Wednesday, 15 September 2010 1:28 PM EADT
Sunday, 6 July 2008
Turkish understanding of projected Allied attacks, August 1917
Topic: BatzP - Beersheba

Below is a fascinating and prescient Turkish telegram extracted from Colonel Hüsnü’s book, Yilderim.

 

 Copy of the Translated Intelligence Assessment

 

Transcription of the Intelligence Assessment

"If the enemy advances on Tel el Far -  Kuz el Basel it will be confronted by the 16th Division at Tel el Sharia and we shall take advantage of any opportunity created by this efficient division which is well placed."

.....

"At present I am of the opinion that the enemy will make Gaza his main objective since the topography of the ground renders this part of our front the weakest part of our line. On the other hand it is peculiarly favourable to the enemy if he adopts the "barrage" method of fire in vogue in Europe, as he can concentrate superior fire from land and sea. To prevent our reinforcing Gaza, it is probable that a general attack will be made along the Gaza - Tel el Sharia front combined with an enveloping movement with mounted troops round our left flank. To facilitate the envelopment an attack on Beersheba is possible as a preliminary."

The above is a translation of a telegram sent to the GOC of the Turkish 4th Army on 16 August 1917. Essentially, it summarises what they suspect will be the Allied offensive strategy for taking Gaza. In terms of anticipation, the assessment turned out to be completely correct in every aspect.

 

Further Reading:

List of all Yildirim pages

 


 Citation: Turkish understanding of projected Allied attacks, August 1917


Posted by Project Leader at 2:10 PM EADT
Updated: Thursday, 1 January 2009 9:38 PM EAST
1107 Pte Harold Spence
Topic: AIF - 4B - 12 LHR


Harold Spence wrote this amusing vignette about his time in the Jordan Valley. It was a tough place for the Light Horse with temperatures hovering around 45C daily, mararia breeding in the rivers and Turks attacking on a regular basis. It was the setting for some larconic humour. This item was penned for the August edition of the Ki-ora Coo-ee.

Ki-Ora Coo-Ee, August 1918, p. 15.
[Click on article for larger print version.] 

Here are the brief biographical notes on Spence extracted from the ADFA AIF Project

1107 Pte Harold Spence

Religion    Church of England
Occupation    Station overseer
Address    Cobden, Victoria
Marital status    Single
Age at embarkation    30
Next of kin    Mother, Mrs Elizabeth Spence, Cobden, Victoria
Enlistment date    17 July 1915
Rank on enlistment    Private
Unit name    12th Light Horse Regiment, 5th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number    10/17/2
Embarkation details    Unit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A32 Themistocles on 5 October 1915
Rank from Nominal Roll    Private
Unit from Nominal Roll    12th Light Horse Regiment
Fate    Returned to Australia 23 December 1918


Citation: 1107 Pte Harold Spence

Posted by Project Leader at 1:14 PM EADT
Updated: Sunday, 6 July 2008 1:20 PM EADT
Blackboy Hill Camp, September 1914
Topic: Gen - St - WA


Below are a series of photographs that appeared in the Western Mail detailing activities undertaken by the Light Horse squadron at the beginning.  

1. Mounting the guard at the camp.

Western Mail, 25 September 1914, p. 23.


This fellow looks very serious with his rifle and bayonet as he stands guard outside a tent. There is nothing to indicate the value of the tent nor does it look like the camp entrance so I am not quite sure what the fellow is guarding. Possibly one for the camera. The fellow in the photograph is an infantry man. 

2. Horseback wrestling.

This was a very popular sport which carried with it the benefit of practising the art of staying in the saddle despite adversity.

Western Mail, 25 September 1914, p. 23.

The horse on the left does not look like it is enjoying the game while the horse to the right seems to be thinking about having a nap.

3. Kitchen duties.

An army marches on its stomach and Blackboy Hill was no exception. This is the ubiquitous scene at every camp. Some poor fellow peeling spuds.

Western Mail, 18 September 1914, p. 24.

Another bag of spuds to go. If you look at the fellow's shirt, you can see a chain lanyard leading to his left breast pocket - I suspect that is his pocket watch.


Citation: Blackboy Hill Camp, September 1914

Posted by Project Leader at 10:49 AM EADT
Updated: Sunday, 6 July 2008 10:54 AM EADT

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