"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess
The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre aims to present an accurate history as chroniclers of early Australian military developments from 1899 to 1920.
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Friday, 12 June 2009
Gallipoli Campaign - 1915, Questions to the Turkish General Staff, Part 9 Topic: BatzG - Gallipoli
Gallipoli Campaign - 1915
Questions to the Turkish General Staff, Part 9
The Turkish General Staff Answers
During 1919, after the defeat of Turkey, a unique opportunity was opened up for CEW Bean to question the members of the Turkish General Staff about the Gallipoli Campaign. Bean presented a list of 111 questions. In June 1919, he received the answers. In the following transcription, the answers given by the Turkish General Staff will be qualified by the questions asked by Bean.
84. What was the Turkish appreciation of the attack at HELLES?
It was thought that if the British attack at Cape Helles was successful the result would be more decisive than an attack in another part of the front also that the cramped nature of the Anzac position would prevent free movement in attack.
98. What was the first news of the evacuation of Anzac (ARI BURNU)?
The 19th Division reported as follows to the Fortress Group Command at 4.30 a.m. on 20/12/1915:-
The enemy exploded 3 mines in front of trench No. 18. Part of our front trenches has been destroyed. A Company Commander on his own initiative occupied the craters with his Company and met with no opposition. He therefore sent a patrol forward to the enemy trenches and found them empty.
This fact was reported to the Division who ordered the trenches on the divisional front to be occupied.
99. Where did the Turks attack on the morning following our evacuation?
The Northern Group Command gave the general advance order to all divisions at 6.40 a.m. on 20/12/1915.
Order Of Battle of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, April 1917, Part 10, Northern Canal Section Topic: AIF & MEF & EEF
Order Of Battle of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, April 1917
Part 10, Northern Canal Section
As part of the Official British War History of the Great War, Captain Cyril Falls and Lieutenant General George MacMunn were commissioned to produce a commentary on the Sinai, Palestine and Syrian operations that took place. In 1928, their finished work, Military Operations, Egypt and Palestine - From the outbreak of war with Germany to June 1917, was published in London. Their book included Appendix 3 which specifically detailed the Order Of Battle of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, April 1917 and is extracted below.
MacMunn, G. & Falls, C., Military operations: Egypt and Palestine, (London 1930), p. 402:
Northern Canal Section.
Colonel (temp. Brig.-General) H. D. Watson, C.M.G., M.V.O. (in addition to his duties as G.O.C., 20th Indian Brigade).
Mounted Troops -
1/2nd County of London Yeomanry (less 2 sqdns.).
16th Company Imperial Camel Corps (attached from 4th Battalion).
20th Indian Infantry Brigade.
Signal Section (British).
121st (Indian) Field Ambulance.
1st Bn., British West Indies Regiment.
2nd Bn., British West Indies Regiment.
1st Garrison Bn., Notts and Derby Regiment (2 companies).
Order Of Battle of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, April 1916, Part 8, 5th Australian Division Topic: AIF & MEF & EEF
Order Of Battle of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, April 1916
Part 10, No. 3 Section Canal Defences
As part of the Official British War History of the Great War, Captain Cyril Falls and Lieutenant General George MacMunn were commissioned to produce a commentary on the Sinai, Palestine and Syrian operations that took place. In 1928, their finished work, Military Operations, Egypt and Palestine - From the outbreak of war with Germany to June 1917, was published in London. Their book included Appendix 2 which specifically detailed the Order Of Battle of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, April 1916 and is extracted below.
MacMunn, G. & Falls, C., Military operations: Egypt and Palestine, (London 1930), p. 388:
No. 3 Section Canal Defences.
G O.C., etc. - Headquarters, 52nd Division.
Mounted Troops -
5th Mounted Brigade.
Colonel (temp. Brig.-General) E. A. Wiggin, D.S.O.
1/Ist Warwick Yeomanry;
1/1st Gloucester Yeomanry;
1/1st Worcester Yeomanry;
1/1st S. Midland Signal Troop;
"A" Battery, H.A.C.;
No. 7 Field Troop ;
1/1st S. Midland Mounted Brigade Field Ambulance.
220th Army Troops Company, R.E.
Signal Service -
No. 21 Airline Section.
"WW" Cable Section.
52nd (Lowland) Division.
Major-General Hon. H. A. Lawrence.
G.S.O. 1 -
Lieut.-Colonel F. W. J. Walshe.
Lieut.-Colonel (temp. Brig.-General) F. L. Parker, C.M.G.
Major (temp. Lieut.-Colonel) R. L. Waller.
155th Infantry Brigade.
Lieut.-Colonel (temp. Brig.-General) J. B. Pollok-McCall.
1/4th Royal Scots Fusiliers;
1/5th Royal Scots Fusiliers;
1/4th King's Own Scottish Borderers;
1/5th King's Own Scottish Borderers;
155th Brigade Machine-Gun Company.
156th Infantry Brigade.
Brevet Colonel (temp. Brig.-General) L. C. Koe.
1 /4th Royal Scots;
1/7th Royal Scots;
1/7th Scottish Rifles;
1/8th Scottish Rifles;
156th Brigade Machine-Gun Company.
157th Infantry Brigade.
Brevet Colonel (temp. Brig.-General) H. G. Casson, C.M.G.
1/5th Highland Light Infantry;
1/6th Highland Light Infantry;
1/7th Highland Light Infantry;
1/5th Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders;
157th Brigade Machine-Gun Company.
Mounted Troops -
H.Q. and "C" Squadron, Royal Glasgow Yeomanry.
52nd Cyclist Company.
1/2nd Lowland Brigade, R.F.A.
1/3rd Lowland Brigade, R.F.A.
1/4th Lowland Brigade, R.F.A.
1/5th Lowland Brigade, R.F.A.
52nd Divisional Ammunition Column (1 officer and 35 other ranks).
2/1st Lowland Field Company, R.E.
2/2nd Lowland Field Company, R.E.
1/2nd Lowland Field Company, R.E.
Signal Service -
52nd Divisional Signal Company.
52nd Divisional Train.
Medical Units -
1/1st, 1/2nd, 1/3rd Lowland Field Ambulances.
1st Dismounted Brigade.
Temp. Brig.-General the Marques of Tullibardine, M.V.O., D.S.O.
1/1st Scottish Horse;
1/2nd Scottish Horse;
1/3rd Scottish Horse;
1/1st Ayr Yeomanry;
1/1st Lanark Yeomanry;
1st Dismounted Brigade Signal Troop;
1/1st Scottish Horse and 1/1st Lowland Field Ambulances.
4th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Embarkation Roll, Roll: T - Z Topic: AIF - 4B - 4 LHR
4th LHR, AIF
4th Australian Light Horse Regiment
Embarkation Roll, T - Z
The following is a composite alphabetical roll of all members of 4th Australian Light Horse Regiment who are known to have embarked overseas during the Great War.
Each man is listed with:
Rank at Embarkation
If applicable, the false name used
Note 1: All soldiers’ names are linked to the specific unit and date when embarkation occurred. By utilising the link, upon the Embarkation Roll is a brief military biography of the individual. Also on the page are details and picture of the ship in which embarkation occurred for that specific soldier.
Note 2: There are duplications of some names in the following list. The reason for this is that the soldier embarked on more than one occasion. This was the simplest way of resolving the problem of multiple entries for a single individual.
Note 3: In comparing this roll with the official Embarkation Rolls published by the Department of Defence during the Great War, it will be noticed that some names are absent. The reason for this lies in the fact that when the official Embarkation Rolls were compiled, last minute absentees for one reason or another were recorded as embarking whereas in actuality, no embarkation occurred. In addition, there are other names that have been included that do not appear in the official Embarkation Rolls and yet they embarked with that particular group.
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